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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Low Countries >> Luxembourg
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Grand-Duch de Luxembourg

Origin of Name from Celtic Lucilem "small" (cognate to English "little") and Germanic burg "castle"

Location western Europe
Bordered By
Germany, France, Belgium

map of Luxembourg

Area 998 sq mi (2,586 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 35 mi (56 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 55 mi (89 km)
Highest Point Buurgplaatz; 1,835 ft (559 m)
Lowest Point Moselle River; 435 ft (133 m)
Natural Resources iron ore, arable land

Nationality Luxembourger
Population (July 2013)
Largest City Luxembourg
Ethnic Groups Celtic base, Portuguese, Italian, Slavic
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim
Languages Luxembourgish (national), German (administrative), French (administrative)

Capital Luxembourg
Present Constitution Adopted October 17, 1868
Form of Government
constitutional monarchy
Chief of State Grand Duke Henri (since October 7, 2000)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Xavier Bettel (since December 4, 2013)
Council of Ministers appointed by monarch
unicameral Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Deputes)
judicial courts and tribunals, administrative courts and tribunals
Local Administration
3 districts

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
Industries banking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism
Agricultural Products
barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, wine grapes, fruits; dairy products, livestock products
Export Commodities
machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass
Import Commodities
minerals, metals, foodstuffs, quality consumer goods

Independence from the Netherlands Achieved 1839
National Holiday Birthday of Grand Duke Henri; June 23
Flag three equal horizontal bands of red, white, and light blue; the colors are from the Grand Duke's coat of arms, which feature a red lion on a white and blue striped field

flag of Luxembourg


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Low Countries >> Luxembourg

This page was last updated on 10/17/2017.