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The Robinson Library >> In The Year... >> 1977
World Leaders in 1977

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  Chief of State Head of Government
Afghanistan President Mohammed Daud Khan
Albania President of the Presidium Enver Hoxha Chairman of the Council of Ministers Mehmet Shehu
Algeria President Houari Boumédienne
Andorra Bishop of Urgell Joan Martí i Alanis
President of France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
 
Angola President Agostinho Neto Prime Minister Lopo do Nascimento
Argentina President Jorge Rafael Videla
Australia Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
Austria President Rudolf Kirchschläger Chancellor Bruno Kreisky
Bahamas Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Lynden O. Pindling
Bahrain Emir Isa ibn Salman Prime Minister Khalifa ibn Salman
Bangladesh President Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem
(from April 21) Ziaur Rahman
Barbados Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister J. M. G. Adams
Belgium King Baudouin I Prime Minister Léo Tindemans
Benin President Mathieu Kerekou
Bhutan Druk gyalpo (King) Jigme Singye Wangchuk
Bolivia President Hugo Banzer Suárez
Botswana President Sir Seretse Khama
Brazil President Ernesto Geisel
Bulgaria Chairman of the State Council Todor Zhivkov Chairman of the Council of Ministers Stanko Todorov
Burma President U Ne Win Premier U Sein Win
(from March 29) U Maung Kha
Burundi President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza Prime Minister Édouard Nzambimama
Cambodia President Khieu Samphan Premier Pol Pot
Cameroon President Ahmadou Ahidjo Prime Minister Paul Biya
Canada Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Cape Verde President Aristide Pereira  
Central African Empire Emperor Bokassa I  
Chad President Félix Malloum  
Chile President Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
China, Communist   Premier Hua Kuo-feng
China, Nationalist President Yen Chia-kan Premier Chiang Ching-kuo
Colombia President Alfonso López Michelsen
Comoros President Ali Soilih  
Congo President Marien Ngouabi
(from April 3) Joachim Yhombi-Opango
Premier
Costa Rica President Daniel Oduber Quirós
Cuba President Fidel Castro
Cyprus President Archbishop Makarios III
(from August 31) Spyros Kyprianou
Czechoslovakia President Gustav Husák Premier Lubomír Strougal
Denmark Queen Margrethe II Prime Minister Anker Jorgensen
Djibouti President Hassan Gouled Aptidon Premier Ahmed Dini Ahmed
Dominican Republic President Joaquín Balaguer
Ecuador President Alfredo Poveda Burbano
Egypt President Anwar al-Sadat Prime Minister Mamdouh Muhammad Salem
El Salvador President Arturo Armando Molina
(from July 1) Carlos Humberto Romero
Equatorial Guinea President Francisco Macías Nguema
Ethiopia Brigadier General Tafari Banti
(from February 11) Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam
Fiji Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara
Finland President Urho Kaleva Kekkonen Prime Minister Martti Miettumen
(from May 15) Kalevi Sorsa
France President Valery Giscard d'Estaing Premier Raymond Barre
Gabon President Albert-Bernard Bongo Prime Minister Léon Mébiame
Gambia President Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara
Germany, East Chairman of the Council of State Willi Stoph President of the Council of Ministers Horst Sindermann
Germany, West President Walter Scheel Chancellor Helmut Schmidt
Ghana General Ignatius K. Acheampong
Greece President Konstantinos Tsatsos Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis
Grenada Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Eric Gairy
Guatemala President Kjell Eugenio Laugerud Garcia
Guinea President Ahmed Sékou Touré Premier Louis Lansana Beavogui
Guinea-Bissau President Luis de Almeida Cabral Prime Minister Francisco Mendes
Guyana President Arthur Chung Prime Minister Forbes Burnham
Haiti President Jean-Claude Duvalier
Honduras President Alberto Juan Melgar Castro
Hungary Chairman of the Presidential Council Pál Losonczi President of the Council of Ministers György Lazar
Iceland President Kristján Eldjárn Prime Minister Geir Hallgrimsson
India President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
(from July 21) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
(from March 24) Morarji R. Desai
Indonesia President Suharto
Iran Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Premier Amir Abbas Hoveida
(from August 6) Jamshid Amouzegar
Iraq President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Ireland President Patrick J. Hillery Prime Minister Liam Cosgrove
(from July 5) Jack Lynch
Israel President Ephraim Katzir Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
(from June 21) Menachem Begin
Italy President Giovanni Leone Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti
Ivory Coast President Félix Houphouët-Boigny
Jamaica Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Michael N. Manley
Japan Emperor Hirohito Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda
Jordan King Hussein Prime Minister Mudar Badran
Kenya President Jomo Kenyatta
Korea, North President Kim Il Sung Premier Pak Song-chol
(from December 16) Li Jong-ok
Korea, South President Park Chung Hee Prime Minister Choi Kyu Hah
Kuwait Emir Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir as-Sabah
Laos President Prince Souphanouvong Premier Kaysone Phoumvihan
Lebanon President Elias Sarkis Prime Minister Selim al-Hoss
Lesotho King Moshoeshoe II Prime Minister Chief Leabua Jonathan
Liberia President William R. Tolbert, Jr.
Libya Secretary General of the General People's Congress Muammar al-Qaddafi Chairman of the General People's Congress Committee Abdullah Obeidi
Liechtenstein Sovereign Prince Francis Joseph II Prime Minister Walter Kieber
Luxembourg Grand Duke Jean Prime Minister Gaston Thorn
Madagascar President Didier Ratsiraka
Malawi President Hastings Kamuzu Banda
Malaysia Tuanku Yahaya Putra ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim Prime Minister Datuk Hussein bin Onn
Maldives President Ibrahim Nasir
Mali President Moussa Traoré
Malta President Sir Anthony Mamo Prime Minister Dom Mintoff
Mauritania President Moktar Ould Daddah
Mauritius Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Seewoosagur Rangoolam
Mexico President José López Portillo
Monaco Prince Rainier III Minister of State
Mongolia President Yumjaagin Tsedenbal Prime Minister Jambyn Batmönh
Morocco King Hassan II Prime Minister Ahmed Osman
Mozambique President Samora M. Machel
Nauru President Bernard Dowiyogo
Nepal King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva Prime Minister Kirti Nidhi Bista
Netherlands Queen Juliana Prime Minister Johannes Marten den Uyl
(from December 19) Andreas Antonius Maria van Agt
New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Robert David Muldoon
Nicaragua President Anastasio Somoza Debayle
Niger President Seyni Kountché
Nigeria Lieutenant General Olusegun Obasanjo
Norway King Olav V Prime Minister Odvar Nordli
Oman Sultan Qabus ibn Sa'id
Pakistan President Fazal Elahi Chaudri Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
(from July 5) Zia ul-Haq
Panama President Demetrio Lakas Bahas
Papua New Guinea Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Michael T. Somare
Paraguay President Alfredo Stroessner
Peru President Francisco Morales Bermúdez Prime Minister Guillermo Arbulú Galliani
Philippines President Ferdinand E. Marcos
Poland Chairman of the Council of State Henryk Jablonski Chairman of the Council of Ministers Piotr Jaroszewicz
Portugal President António Ramalho Eanes Premier Mário Soares
Qatar Emir Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani
Rhodesia President John Wrathall Prime Minister Ian D. Smith
Romania President of the State Council Nicolae Ceausescu Chairman of the Council of Ministers Manea Manescu
Rwanda President General Juvénal Habyalimana
San Marino  
São Tomé and Príncipe President Manuel Pinto da Costa Premier Miguel Trovoada
Saudi Arabia King Khalid bin Abdul-Aziz
Senegal President Léopold Sédar Senghor Premier Abdou Diouf
Seychelles President James R. M. Mancham
(from June 5) France-Albert René
Prime Minister France-Albert René
(from June 5) abolished
Sierra Leone President Siaka P. Stevens Prime Minister Christian Alusina Kamara-Taylor
Singapore President Benjamin Henry Sheares Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew
Somalia President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council Muhammad Siyad Barrah
South Africa President Nicolaas J. Diederichs Prime Minister Balthazar Johannes Vorster
Spain King Juan Carlos Premier Adolfo Suárez González
Sri Lanka President William Gopallawa Prime Minister Sirimavo R. D. Bandaranaike
(from July 23) Junius Richard Jaywardene
Sudan President Gaafar al-Numeiry
Suriname President Johan Ferrier Prime Minister Henck Arron
Swaziland King Sobhuza II Prime Minister Maphevu Dlamini
Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister Thörbjorn Fälldin
Switzerland President Kurt Furgler
Syria President Hafez al-Assad Premier Abdel Rahman Khiefifawi
Tanzania President Julius Kambarage Nyerere Premier Rashidi Kawawa
Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej Premier Thanin Kraivichien
(from November 11) Kriangsak Chamanad
Togo President Gnassingbe Eyadema
Tonga King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Prime Minister Prince Tu'ipelehake
Trinidad and Tobago President Sir Ellis Clarke Prime Minister Eric Williams
Tunisia President Habib Bourguiba Prime Minister Hedi Amara Nouira
Turkey President Fahri Korutürk Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel
(from June 21) Bülent Ecevit
(from July 21) Süleyman Demirel
Tuvalu Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Toalipi Lauti
Uganda President Idi Amin
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Nikolai Podgorny
(from June 16) Leonid Ilich Brezhnev
Chairman of the Council of Ministers Aleksei N. Kosygin
United Arab Emirates President Sheikh Zaid ibn Sultan an-Nahayan Prime Minister Maktum ibn Rashid al-Maktum
United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister James Callaghan
United States President Gerald Ford
(from January 20) James Earl Carter
Upper Volta President Sangoulé Lamizana
Uruguay President Aparicio Méndez
Venezuela President Carlos Andrés Pérez
Vietnam President Ton Duc Premier Pham Van Dong
Western Samoa Malietoa Tanumafili II Prime Minister Tupuola Efi
Yemen Chairman of the Military Command Council Abdul Hussein al-Ghashmi Prime Minister Abdul Aziz Abdul Chani
Yemen, Democratic Chairman of the Presidential Council Salim Rubayl Ali Prime Minister Ali Nasir Muhammad Hasani
Yugoslavia President Marshal Tito President of the Federal Executive Council Dzemal Bijedic
(from March 15) Veselin Djuranovic
Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko
Zambia President Kenneth David Kaunda

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The Robinson Library >> In The Year... >> 1977

This page was last updated on January 06, 2019.