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The Robinson Library >> In The Year... >> 1974

World Leaders in 1974

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Country Chief of State Head of Government
Afghanistan President Lt. Gen. Mohammed Daud Khan
Albania President of the Presidium Enver Hoxha Premier Maj. Gen. Mehmet Shehuu
Algeria President Houari Boumédienne
Andorra  
Argentina President Juan D. Perón
(from July 2) Isabel Perón
Australia Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Gough Whitlam
Austria President Franz Jonas
(from March 27) Bruno Kreisky
(from July 8) Rudolf Kirchschläger
Chancellor Bruno Kreisky
Bangladesh President Mohammed Ullah Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Barbados Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Errol Barrow
Belgium King Baudouin I Prime Minister Edmond Leburton
(from April 25) Leo Tindemans
Bhutan King Jigme Singye Wangchuk
Bolivia President Gen. Hugo Banzer Suárez
Botswana President Sir Seretse Khama
Brazil President Emílio Médici
(from March 15) Ernesto Geisel
Bulgaria Chairman of the State Council Todor Zhivkov Chairman of the Council of Ministers Stanko Todorov
Burma Chairman of the Union Revolutionary Council Gen. U Ne Win
(from March 2) President U Ne Win
(from March 2) Prime Minister U Sein Win
Burundi President Michel Micombero
Cambodia President Gen. Lon Nol Premier Long Boret
Cameroon President Ahmadou Ahidjo
Canada Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Central African Republic President Jean Bedel Bokassa
Chad President Ngarta Tombalbaye
Chile President Gen. Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
China, People's Republic of Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party Mao Tse-tung Premier Chou En-lai
China, Republic of President Chiang Kai-shek Premier Chiang Ching-kuo
Colombia President Misael Pastrana Borrero
(from August 7) Alfonso López Michelsen
Congo President Marien Ngouabi Prime Minister Henri Lopès
Costa Rica President José Figueros
(from May 8) Daniel Oduber Quirós
Cuba President Osvaldo Dorticos Torrade Premier Fidel Castro Ruz
Cyprus President Archbishop Makarios
(from July 15) Nikos Giorgiades Sampson
(from July 23) Glafkos Clerides
(from December 7) Archbishop Makarios
Czechoslovakia President Lubomir Strougal
Dahomey President Mathieu Kerekou
Denmark Queen Margrethe II Prime Minister Poul Hartling
Dominican Republic President Joaquín Balaguer
Ecuador President Gen. Guillermo Rodriguez Lara
Egypt President Anwar el-Sadat (from September 25) Prime Minister Abdul Aziz Hegazi
El Salvador President Col. Arturo Armando Molina
Equatorial Guinea President Francisco Macias Nguema
Ethiopia Emperor Haile Selassie
(from September 12) military
Prime Minister
(from February 28) Endalkachew Makonnen
(from July 22) Michael Imru
Fiji Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Kamisese Mara
Finland President Urho Kekkonen Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa
France President Georges Pompidou
(from April 3) Alain Poher
(from May 27) Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Premier Pierre Messmer
(from May 27) Jacques Chirac
Gabon President Albert B. Bongo
Gambia President Sir Dauda K. Jawara  
Germany, East Chairman of the Council of State Willi Stoph Prime Minister Horst Sindermann
Germany, West President Gustav Heinemann
(from July 1) Walter Scheel
Chancellor Willy Brandt
(from May 16) Helmut Schmidt
Ghana Chairman of the National Redemption Council Col. I. K. Acheampong
Greece President Gen. Phaidon Gizikis
(from December 15) Acting President Michael Stassinopoulos
Premier Adamantios Androutsopoulos
(from July 24) Constantine Caramanlis
Grenada Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Eric Gairy
Guatemala President
(from ) Brig. Gen. Kjell Laugerud Garcia
Guinea President Ahmed Sékou Touré Premier Lansana Beavogul
Guinea-Bissau President Luiz de Almeida Cabral
Guyana President Arthur Chung Prime Minister Forbes Burnham
Haiti President Jean-Claude Duvalier
Honduras President Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
(from July 1) Gen. Oswaldo López Arellano
Hungary Chairman of the Presidential Council Pál Losonczi Premier Jenö Fock
Iceland President Kristján Eldjárn Prime Minister Ólafur Jóhannesson
(from August 28) Geir Hallgrímsson
India President Varahagiri Venkata Giri
(from August 24) Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Indonesia President Suharto
Iran Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Premier Amir Abbas Hoveida
Iraq President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Ireland President Erskine Childers
(from December 19) Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave
Israel President Ephraim Katzir Prime Minister Golda Meir
(from June 3) Yitzhak Rabin
Italy President Giovanni Leone Premier Mariano Rumor
(from November 23) Aldo Moro
Ivory Coast President Félix Houphouét-Boigny
Jamaica Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Michael Manley
Japan Emperor Hirohito Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka
(from December 9) Takeo Miki
Jordan King Hussein Premier Zaid al-Rifai
Kenya President Jomo Kenyatta
Korea, North President Kim Il Sung
Korea, South President Chung Hee Park Premier Kim Jong Pil
Kuwait Emir Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah Prime Minister Jaber al-Ahmad al-Sabah
Laos King Savang Vatthana Premier Prince Souvanna Phouma
Lebanon President Suleiman Franjieh Premier Takkieddin Solh
(from October 30) Rashid Solh
Lesotho King Moshoeshoe II Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan
Liberia President William R. Tolbert
Libya President of the Revolutionary Command Council Muammar el-Qaddafi Prime Minister Abdul Salam Jallud
Liechtenstein Prince Franz Josef II Prime Minister Walter Kieber
Luxembourg Grand Duke Jean Premier Pierre Werner
(from June 18) Gaston Thorn
Malagasy Republic President Gabriel Ramanantsoa
Malawi President H. Kamuzu Banda
Malaysia Sultan Tunku Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak
Maldives President Ibrahim Nasir
Mali President Moussa Traoré
Malta Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom  
Mauritania President Mokhtar O. Daddah
Mauritius Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
Mexico President Luis Echeverría Álvarez
Monaco Prince Rainier III
Mongolia Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural Sonomyn Luvsan
(from June 11) Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
Premier Yumzhagiyn Tsedenbal
(from June 11) Jambyn Batmounkh
Morocco King Hassan II Premier Ahmed Osman
Nauru President Hammer DeRoburt
Nepal King Birenda Bir Bikram Shah Prime Minister Nagendra Prasad Rijal
Netherlands Queen Juliana Prime Minister Joop den Uyl
New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Norman E. Kirk
(from September 6) Wallace Edward Rawling
Nicaragua junta
(from ) President Gen. Anastasio Somoza
Niger President Hamani Dori
(from April 15) Lt. Col. Seyni Kountche
Nigeria President of the Federal Military Government Maj. Gen. Yakubu Gowon
Norway King Olav V Prime Minister Trygve Bratteli
Oman Sultan Qaboos bin Said
Pakistan President Chaudhri Fazal Elahi Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Panama President Demetrio Lakas Bahas
Paraguay President Gen. Alfredo Stroessner
Peru President Gen. Juan Velasco Alvarado
Philippines President Ferdinand E. Marcos
Poland President of the Council of State Henryk Jablonski Premier Piotr Jaroszewicz
Portugal President Américo Tomás
(from April 25) junta
(from May 15) Provisional President President António de Spinola
(from September 30) Gen. Francisco da Costa Gomes
Premier Marcello Caetano
(from April 25) junta
(from May 16) Adelino de Palma Carlos
(from July 17) Colonel Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves
Rhodesia President Clifford W. Dupont Prime Minister Ian Smith
Romania President Nicolae Ceausecu Premier Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(from March 26) Manea Manescu
Rwanda President Juvenal Habyalimana
San Marino Princes Regent Antonio Lazarro Volpineri and Giovan Luigi Franciosi
(from April 1) Ferruccio Piva and Giordano Bruno Reffi
(from October 1) Francesco Valli and Enrico Andreoli
Saudi Arabia King Faisal ibn Abdul-Aziz
Senegal President Léopold S. Senghor Premier Abdou Diouf
Sierra Leone President Siaka Stevens Prime Minister Sorie Ibrahim Koroma
Singapore President Benjamin H. Sheares Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew
Somalia President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council Mohammed Siad Barre
South Africa President Jacobus Johannes Fouché Prime Minister Balthazar John Vorster
Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) President Nikolai V. Podgorny Premier Aleksei Kosygin
Spain General Francisco Franco Premier Carlos Arias Navarro
Sri Lanka President William Gopallawa Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Sudan President Gen. Jaafar Mohammed al-Numeiry
Swaziland King Sobhuza II Prime Minister Makhosini Diamini
Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister Olof Palme
Switzerland President Ernst Brugger
Syria President Hafez al-Assad Premier Mahmoud al-Ayubi
Tanzania President Julius K. Nyerere
Thailand King Bhumibol Aduladej Premier Sanya Dharmasakti
Togo President Étienne Eyadema
Tonga King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Prime Minister Prince Fatafehi Tu'ipelehake
Trinidad and Tobago Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Eric Williams
Tunisia President Habib Bourguiba Premier Hedi Nouira
Turkey President Fahri Korutürk Premier Naim Talu
(from January 25) Bülent Ecevit
(from November 17) Sadi Irmak
Uganda President Gen. Idi Amin
United Arab Emirates President Zayeb bin Sultan Al Nahyan Prime Minister Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister Edward Heath
(from March 4) Harold Wilson
United States President Richard M. Nixon
Upper Volta President Sangoulé Lamizana
Uruguay President Juan María Bordaberry
Venezuela President Rafael Caldera
(from March 12) Carlos Andrés Pérez
Vietnam, North President Ton Duc Thang Premier Pham Van Dong
Vietnam, South President Nguyen Van Thieu Prime Minister Gen. Tran Thien Khiem
Western Samoa O le Ao o le Malo Nalietoa Tanumafil II Prime Minister Tupua Tamasese Lealofi IV
Yemen    
Yemen, South    
Yugoslavia President Josip Broz Tito Prime Minister Dzemal Bijedic
Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko
Zambia President Kenneth D. Kaunda Prime Minister Mainza Chona

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The Robinson Library >> In The Year... >> 1974

This page was last updated on November 17, 2018.