|The Louisiana Purchase Exposition
(aka 1904 St. Louis World's Fair) a
celebration of the centennial of the Louisiana Purchase
Held from April 30 to December
1, 1904 (it opened a year late due to delays in
construction), this was at the time the largest
World's Fair ever held. The Fair grounds covered
1,272 acres, on which 1,576 buildings and about
75 miles of roads and walkways were constructed.
The 1904 Summer Olympics were also held on the
Fair grounds. Almost 20 million visitors passed
through the Fair gates; it was the only Fair
during the Victorian Era to make a profit.
The Fair hosted exhibits by 62
foreign nations, 43 of the then-45 U.S. states
and territories (including Guam, the Philippines
and Puerto Rico),
and hundreds of manufacturers and companies. The
exhibits focused on U.S. and world history,
athletics, and the latest products and
innovations, scientific inventions, and
agricultural technology. The amusement area
included replicas of "savage" villages
next to representations of "civilized"
life, the world's largest Ferris wheel (with a
capacity of 2,160 riders), Abraham Lincoln's
actual log cabin, and an 18-foot-tall lighthouse
built entirely of salt. Now-common foods that
first became popular because of the Fair included
the waffle-style ice cream cone, hamburgers, hot
dogs, peanut butter, iced tea, cotton candy, Dr.
Pepper, and Puffed Wheat.
1904 World's Fair Society http://www.1904worldsfairsociety.org
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