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Motor Vehicles

mO' tor vE' i kel, a self-propelled wheeled conveyance, such as a car or truck, that does not run on rails

CONTENTS
Karl Friedrich Benz
Karl Friedrich Benz
is acknowledged as the inventor of the automobile, thanks to his Benz Patent Motorwagen, which was awarded a patent on January 29, 1886. The first "horseless carriage" to be powered by an internal combustion engine, it made even more history when his wife took it on the world's first long-distance "road trip" in 1888.

Louis-Joseph Chevrolet
Louis-Joseph Chevrolet
was a very respected auto mechanic and racer before co-founding Chevrolet Motor Car Company with William Durant. A dispute with Durant over what kind of cars the company would produce resulted in Chevrolet selling the rights to his name to his former business partner.

Soichiro Honda
Soichiro Honda
began manufacturing piston rings in 1936. He began manufacturing motorcycles in 1948, and by 1952 Honda accounted for 70% of Japan's motorcycle production. He began manufacturing automobiles in the early 1960's, and Honda race cars were winning races by 1965.

Ferdinand Porsche
Ferdinand Porsche
began his automotive career by designing an electric car, in 1900. One year later he introduced the world's first petroleum-electric hybrid vehicle. He subsequently built a series of successful racecars, designed military vehicles, and developed the first Volkswagen, before finally designing the first car to carry his name as a brand.

Automobiles in 1957
Automobiles in 1957
Almost all of the car models for 1957 were lower, longer, and wider than they had ever been. They had more glass, higher tail fins, and more conservative colors (with black and white being the most popular among consumers). Only a few manufacturers did not introduce new bodies.

Automobiles in 1958
Automobiles in 1958

Automobiles in 1959
Automobiles in 1959

Automobiles in 1960
Automobiles in 1960
The 1960 model year was loaded with compact cars, with every American manufacturer marketing at least one compact model. The most popular body style in 1960 was the 4-door sedan, followed by the station wagon.

Automobiles in 1967
Automobiles in 1967

Liquid Hydrogen Hauler
Liquid Hydrogen Hauler
Liquid hydrogen is used in many industrial operations, but shipping was difficult before this unit became available in 1957.

Automobile Brand Names, A to Z

Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac Fleetwood
In 1930, Cadillac joined two straight eights on a common crankshaft to create a status symbol for the very rich, a V-16 that got a "whopping" 5-6 miles to the gallon on the highway while cruising at a top speed of 90 miles per hour.

Chevrolet Corvette
Chevrolet Corvette

Chrysler Imperial
The Chrysler Imperial
was the Chrysler Corporation's luxury model from 1955 to 1975.

Dodge Custom Royal
The Dodge Custom Royal
was the top of the Dodge line from 1955 to 1959.

Fiat
Fiat
The charter of Societa Anonima Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (F.I.A.T.) was signed by Giovanni Agnelli and several investors on July 11, 1899. The company's first factory was opened in Carso Dante in 1900, and by 1910 Fiat was the largest car company in Italy.

Ford Fairlane
Ford Fairlane
Named for Henry Ford's estate, the Fairlane began as a full-sized car in 1955 but had become a mid-sized car by the time the model was retired in 1970.

Ford Model A
Ford Model A

Ford Model T
Ford Model T

Ford Pick-Up
Ford Pick-Up
Ford entered the truck market in 1917, but the first completely Ford-made truck did not come out until 1923. The truck line did so well that by 1926 Ford was offering five different models.

Great Smith Automobile
The Great Smith Automobile
was a state-of-the-art automobile known for being well built and very dependable. In 1908, a Great Smith became the first car to climb Pike's Peak. But the car proved too expensive for the general public, and only about 1,200 were produced before the company went out of business in 1912.

Lincoln Continental
Lincoln Continental

Mercury Pick-Up
Mercury Pick-Up

Plymouth Cranbrook
Plymouth Cranbrook

Plymouth Model PB
Plymouth Model PB
Introduced on April 3, 1932, the Model PB featured Plymouth's first one-piece front fenders, which were more rounded than those of most other models, and free standing headlights.

Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud

White Motor Company
The White Motor Company
was formed as a division of the White Sewing Machine Company in 1901, and quickly became one of the most successful manufacturers of steam powered automobiles. Its gasoline powered automobiles were also popular, and for decades White was a world leader in the production of trucks. It went out of business in 1985.

The Robinson Library >> Technology