non-American to fly on the Space Shuttle
Born June 20, 1941, in
Married Birgit Reister
Stuttgart University, physics,
Doctorate in science, 1976
Studied state and low
temperature physics at the Max Planck Institute
for Metals Research, Stuttgart.
1977, pre-selected by the
European Space Agency (ESA) as a Payload
Specialist for the first flight of the
European-built Spacelab Laboratory (Spacelab 1).
1978, nominated as one of the three Payload
Specialists for the mission.
1982, selected for flight.
November 28 - December 8, 1983,
became the first non-American to fly on the Space
Shuttle, during the STS-9 mission. The primary
objective of the mission was the verification of
Spacelab in orbit and the execution of 72 highly
sophisticated scientific experiments.
1984, back-up Payload
Specialist and Crew Interface Coordinator for the
Space Shuttle Spacelab German D-1 mission.
1986, transferred to the
European Space Research and Technology Center
(ESTEC) in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, to support
ESA in the planning of Columbus, the European
laboratory for the International Space Station.
1987, appointed head of the
German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR)
Astronaut Office, in which capacity he led the
German astronauts and supported the preparation
of the D2 mission.
December 1988, nominated ESA
Payload Specialist candidate for the
International Microgravity Laboratory mission
(IML-1) on the Space Shuttle.
January 22-31, 1992, flew as
Payload Specialist aboard STS-42.
April 26 - May 6, 1993, Science
Coordinator at the Mission Control Center in
Germany during the second German D2 mission.
October 3 - November 4, 1994,
became the first ESA astronaut to fly on the
Russian Space Station Mir.
Since the end of 1999, he has
been responsible for the Utilization Promotion
Management in the Microgravity Promotion Division
of the ESA Directorate of Manned Spaceflight and
Microgravity at ESTEC.
Honors and Awards
First Class Order of the
Federal Republic of Germany
Order of Merit of the States of
Baden-Württemberg and Nordrhein-Westfalen
Haley Space Flight Award, American Institute of
Aeronautics and Astronautics
USSR Pilot-Cosmonaut V.M. Komarov Diploma,
International Aeronautical Federation
distinction for scientific achievement in Air and
Space Medicine, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft-
Flight Achievement Award, American Astronautical
Order of Friendship, Russian Federation (1995)
Astronaut Biographies www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/merbold-u.html
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