|Robert J. Collier Trophy
awarded annually by the National
Aeronautic Association "for the greatest
achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in
America, with respect to improving the
perferormance, efficiency, and safety of air or
space vehicles, the value of which has been
thoroughly demonstrated by actual use during the
The only son of Collier Publishing founder
P.F. Collier commissioned this trophy in 1910,
while he was serving as president of the Aero
Club of America, National Chapter (now the
Natiopnal Aeronautic Association), with the
intent to encourage the American aviation
community to strive for excellence and
Glenn H. Curtiss, for development of the
Glenn H. Curtiss, for the flying boat.
Orville Wright, for development of the automatic
Elmer A. Sperry, for gyroscopic control.
W. Starling Burgess, for Burgess-Dunne
Elmer A. Sperry, for the Sperry drift indicator.
no trophies awarded
Grover C. Loening, for his aerial yacht.
U.S. Air Mail Service, for a year's operation
without a single fatal accident.
U.S. Air Mail Serive, for night flying in
U.S. Army Air Service, for first aerial flight
around the world.
Sylvanus Albert Reed, for development of the
metal airplane propellor.
Maj. Edward L. Hoffman, for development of a
Charles L. Lawrence, for development of radial
air-cooled aircraft engines.
Aeronautics Branch, Department of Commerce, for
development of aiways and air navigation
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, for
development of cowling for radial air-cooled
Harold F. Pitcairn and his associates, for
development and application of the autogiro.
Packard Motor Car Company, for development of the
diesel aircraft engine.
Glenn L. Martin,
for development of a high-speed weight-carrying
Hamilton Standard Propellor Company and Frank
Walker Caldwell, Chief Engineer, for controllable
Capt. A.F. Hegenberger, U.S. Army Air Corps, for
development of a successful blind landing system.
Donald W. Douglas and his technical and
production personnel, for outstanding
twin-engined transport airplane.
Pan American Airways, for the development of the
trans-Pacific airplane and the successful
execution of extended overwater navigation in the
regular operation thereof.
U.S. Army Air Corps, for developing, equipping,
and flying the first successful pressure cabin
airplane, the XC-35.
Hughes and his associates, for their
epoch-making round-the-world flight in 91 hours
Airline of the United States, for their high
record of safety in air travel, with special
recognition to Drs. Walter M. Boothby and W.
Randolph Lovelace II of the Mayo Foundation for
Medical Education and Research and Capt. Harry G.
Armstrong of the U.S. Army Medical Corps at
Wright Field, for their contribution to this
safety record through their work in aviation
medicine in general and pilot fatigue in
Dr. Sanford A. Moss and the Army Air Corps, for
development of the turbo-supercharger.
The Army Air Services and the Airlines of the
United States, for pioneering world-wide air
transportation vital to immediate defense and
Gen. H.H. Arnold, U.S. Army, for his organization
and leadership of the Army Air Forces throughout
Capt. Luis De Florez, U.S. Navy Reserve, for his
contribution to the safe and rapid training of
combat pilots and crews.
Gen. Carl A. Apaatz, Army Air Firces, for
demonstrating the air power concept through
employment of American aviation in the war
Dr. Luis W. Alvarez, for his conspicuous and
outstanding initiative in the concept of, and his
contribution to the construction, adaptation, and
effective use of the ground control approach
system for safe landing of aircraft under all
weather and traffic conditions.
Lewis A. Rodert, chief of the Flight Research
Branch at the Cleveland Laboratory of the
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, for
his pioneering research and guidance in the
development and practical application of a
thermal ice prevention system for aircraft.
John Stack, research scientist, NACA, for
pioneering research to determine the physical
laws affecting supersonic flight, and for his
conception of transonic research airplanes.
Lawrence D. Bell, president, Bell Aircraft
Corporation, for the design and construction of
the special research airplane, X-1. Capt. Charles
E. Yeager, U.S. Air Force, for being the first to
achieve human flight faster than sound on October
14, 1947 in the X-1.
The Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics,
for the establishment of a guide plan for the
development and implementation of a system of air
navigation and traffic control to facilitate safe
and unlimited aircraft operations under all
William P. Lear, for development of the F-5
automatic pilot and automatic approach control
The helicopter industry, the military services,
and the Coast Guard, for development and use of
rotary-wing aircraft for air rescue operations.
John Stack and his associates at Langley
Aeronautical Laboratory, NACA, for the
conception, development, and practical
application of the transonic wind tunnel throat.
Leonard S. Hobbs of United Aircraft
Corp., for design, development, and production of
the J-57 jet engine.
James H. Kindelberger, for the North American
land-based F-100. Edward H. Heinemann, for the
Douglass carrier-based F4D.
Richard Travis Whitcomb, NACA research scientist,
for discover and experimental verification of the
area rule, a contribution to base knowledge
yielding significantly higher airplane speed and
greater range with same power.
William M. Allen and his associates at Boeing
Airplane Company, for conception, development and
quantity production of America's first all-jet,
long-range bomber, the Boeing B-52
Stratofortress. Gen. Nathan F. Twining and the
U.S. Air Force, for sponsoring and making the
B-52 Stratofortress operational in 1955 as a
powerful weapon of peace.
Charles J. McCarthy and associates of
Chance-Vought Aircraft, Incorporated and Vice
Admiral James S. Russell and associates of the
U.S. Navy Bureau of Aeronautics, for conception,
design, and development of the F-8U Crusader, a
carrier-based fighter which is the first
operational aircraft capable of speeds exceeding
one thousand miles an hour.
Edward P. Curtis, for his report entitled
"Aviation Facilities Planning," which
represented a dramatic advance in the field of
long-range planning to meet the complex problems
involved in the use by aircraft of our air
The United States Air Force and industry team
responsible for the F-104 Interceptor -- Clarence
L. Johnson of Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, for
the design of the airframe. Neil Burgess and
Gerhard Neumann of the Flight Propulsion
Division. General Electric Company, for
development of its J-79 turbo jet engines. Maj.
Howard C. Johnson, U.S. Air Force, for
establishing a world land plane altitude record
of 91,243 feet. Capt. Walter W. Irwin, U.S. Air
Force, for establishing a world straightaway
speed record of 1,404.09 miles per hour.
The United States Air Force, the Convair Division
of General Dynamics Corporation, and Space
Technology Laboratories, Inc., for developing,
testing, producing, and putting into operaation
the Atlas, America's first intercontinental
ballistic missile so vital to the security and
space exploration needs of the United States and
the free world.
Vice Admiral William F. Raborn, U.S. Navy, under
whose direction the Navy, science, and industry
created the operational fleet ballistic missile
weapon system Polaris.
Maj. Robert M. White, U.S. Air Force; Joseph A.
Walker, NASA; A. Scott Crossfield, North American
Aviation; and Cmdr. Forrest Petersen, U.S. Navy,
for invluable technological contributions to the
advancement of flight and for great skill and
courage as test pilots of the X-15.
Lt. Cmdr. Malcolm
Scott Carpenter, U.S. Navy; Maj. L. Gordon
Cooper, U.S. Air Force; Lt. Col. John
H. Glenn, Jr., U.S. Marine Corps; Maj. Virgil
I. Grissom, U.S. Air Force; Cmdr. Walter M.
Schirra, Jr., U.S. Navy; Cmdr. Alan
B. Shepard, Jr., U.S. Navy; Maj. Donald K.
Slayton, U.S. Air Force; for pioneering manned
space flight in the United States.
Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson, for
designing and directing the development of the
USAF A-11 Mach 3 aircraft.
General Curtis E. LeMay, for development of high
performance aircraft, missiles, and space systems
which in 1964 significantly expanded the
frontiers of American aeronautics and
James E. Webb and Hugh L. Dryden, representing
all of the Gemini
program teams which significantly advanced human
experience in space flight.
James S. McDonnell, for his leadership and
perseverance in advancing aeronautics and
astronautics exemplified by the F-4 Phantom
aircraft and the Gemini space vehicles.
Lawrence A. Hyland, representing the Surveyor
Program Team at Hughes Aircraft Company, the
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and associated
organizations that put the eyes and hands of the
United States on the Moon.
Borman, U.S. Air Force; Capt. James A.
Lovell, Jr., U.S. Navy; and Lt. Col. William A.
Anders, U.S. Air Force; as the crew of Apollo 8
and representing the entire United States space
flight team for the successful and flawless
execution of the first manned lunar orbit mission
A. Armstrong; Col. Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., U.S.
Air Force; and Col. Michael Collins, U.S. Air
Force, for the epic flight of Apollo 11 and the
first landing of man on the surface of the Moon
on July 20, 1969.
The Boeing Company, as leader of the
industry-airline-government team which
successfully introduced the 747 into commercial
service, with particular recognition to Pratt and
Whitney Division of United Aircraft Corporation
and to Pan American World Airways.
R. Scott, U.S. Air Force; Col. James B.
Irwin, U.S. Air Force; and Lt. Col. Alfred M.
Worden, U.S. Air Force; for demonstrating superb
skill and courage, and to Dr. Robert T. Gilruth
as representative of the engineering genius of
the manned space flight team, culminating in
Apollo 15, man's most prolonged and
scientifically productive lunar mission.
The officers and men of the 7th Air Force and 8th
Air Force of the United States Air Force and Task
Force 77 of the United States Navy, for
successfully carrying our operation Linebacker
II, the air campaign against North Vietnam in
December 1972 which through precise, accurate,
and determined attacks on key military targets in
the face of unprecedented defenses, brought about
a cease fire under terms which attained United
States objectives in Southeast Asia.
Program, with special recognition to William C.
Schneider, program director, and the three Skylab
astronaut crews, for proving beyond question the
value of man in future explorations of space and
the production of data of benefit to all the
people on Earth.
Dr. John F. Clark, NASA, and Daniel J. Fink,
General Electric Company, representing the
NASA/Industry team responsible for the Earth
Resources Technology Program (LANDSAT), for
proving in 1974 the value of U.S. space
technology in the management of the Earth's
resources and environment for the benefit of all
mankind, with special recognition to Hughes
Aircraft Company and RCA.
David S. Lewis of General Dynamics Corporation
and the F-16 Air Force Industry Team, for
significant advancements in aviation technology
leading to innovative fighter aircraft
The U.S. Air Force/Rockwell International
Corporation and the B-1 Industry Team, for the
highly successful design, development,
management, and flight test of the B-1 strategic
Gen. Robert J. Dixon, Commander, and the U.S. Air
Force Tactical Air Command, for developing and
implementing Red Flag, an unprecedented combat
simulated flight training program for aircrews of
the U.S. Armed Forces, a significant contribution
to national defense.
Sam B. Williams, chairman and president, Williams
Research Corporation, for conceiving and
developing the world's smallest, high efficiency
turbofan engine which was selected to power U.S.
Dr. Paul B. MacCready, for the concept, desig,
and construction of the Gossamer Albatross, which
made the first man-powered flight across the
English Channel, with special recognition to
Bryan Allen, the pilot.
Mission Team, represented by its chief scientist,
Dr. Edward C. Stone, for the spectacular fly-by
of Saturn and the return of basic new knowledge
of the solar system.
NASA, Rockwell International, Martin Marietta,
Thiokol, and the entire government/industry team,
for the improvement of the concept of manned
reusable spacecraft, with special recognition to
astronauts John Young, Robert Crippen, Joe Engle,
and Richard Truly.
T.A. Wilson and the Boeing Company, for the
private development of two advanced technology
transports, 757 and 767, with the support of the
Federal Aviation Administration, industry, and
The United States Army, Hughes Aircraft
Helicopters, and the industry team, for
development of the AH-64A Apache advanced
technology helicopter weapon system.
NASA and Martin Marietta Corp., for the
development of the MMUI and the NASA industry
satellite rescue team and to astronaut Bruce
McCandless, NASA's Charles R. Whitsett, Jr., and
Martin Marietta's Walter W. Bollendonk.
Russell W. Meyer, Cessna Aircraft Co., and
Cessna's line of Citation Business Jet aircraft,
for an unparalleled passenger safety record
during the past 14 years since the Citation's
Jeana L. Yeager, Richard G. Rutan, Elbert L.
Rutan, and the Voyager Aircraft team of
volunteers, for the ingenious design and
development of the Voyager aircraft and their
skillful execution of the first non-stop,
non-refueled flight around the world.
NASA Lewis Research Center and the NASA?Industry
Advanced Turboprop Team, for the development of
advanced turboprop propulsion concepts for single
rotation, gearless counter rotation, and geared
counter rotation inducted fan systems.
Rear Admiral Richard H. Truly, U.S. Navy, for his
assistance for the successful return of America
Benjamin R. Rich, Lockheed Aircraft Corp., and
the United States Air Force team, for the F-117A
stealth aircraft development.
The Bell Boeing Team, for the development of the
V-22 Osprey Tiltrotor, the world's first
large-scale Tiltrotor aircraft.
The Northrop Corporation, the industry team, and
the United States Air Force, for the design,
development, production, and flight testing of te
B-2 aircraft, which has contributed significantly
to America's enduring leadership in aerospace and
the country's future national security.
The Global Positioning System team, the United
States Air Force, the United States Naval
Research Laboratory, the Aerospace Corporation,
Rockwell International Corporation, and IBM
Federal Systems Company, for the most significant
development for safe and efficient navigation and
surveillance of air and spacecraft since the
introduction of radio navigation 50 years ago.
The Hubble Space Telescope Recovery Team, for
outstanding leadership, intrepidity, and the
renewal of public faith in America's space
program by the successful orbital recovery and
repair of the Hubble Space Telescope.
The United States Air Force, the McDonnell
Douglas Corporation, the United States Army, and
the C-17 industrial team of subcontractors and
suppliers, for designing, developing, testing,
producing, and placing into service the C-17
Globemaster III, whose performance and efficiency
make it the most versatile airlift aircraft in
The Boeing Company and the 777 team, for
designing, manufacturing, and introducing into
service the world's most advanced commercial
airplane transport, the Boeing 777.
Cessna Aircraft Company and the Citation X design
team, for designing, testing, certifying, and
placing into service the Citation X, the first
commercial aircraft in U.S. aviation history to
achieve a cruising speed of Mach .92.
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation and the
Gulfstream V industry team, for successful
application of advance design and efficient
manufacturing techniques together with innovative
international business partnerships, to place
into customer service the Gulfstream V, the
world's first ultra-long range business jet.
Lockheed Martin Corporation, GE Aircraft Engines,
NASA, U.S. Air Force Air Combat Command, and the
Defense Intelligence Agency, for designing,
manufacturing, and operating the U-2S/ER-2 high
altitude, all-weather, multi-functional data
collection aircraft, which serves as America's
Sentinel of Peace around the world.
The Boeing Company, GE Aircarft Engines, Northrop
Grumman Corporation, Raytheon Corporation, and
the United States Navy, for designing,
manufacturing, testing, and introducing into
service the F/A-18E/F multi-mission strike
fighter aircraft, the most capable and survivable
carrier-based combat aircraft.
Northrop Grumman Corporation, Rolls-Royce,
Raytheon Corporation, L-3 Communications, U.S.
Air Force, and DARPA, for designing, building,
testing, and operating Global Hawk, the first
fully autonomous, operationally demonstrated, and
most capable surveillance and reconnaissance
unmanned aerial vehicle in the world.
Pratt & Whitney, Rolls-Royce, Lockheed Martin
Corporation, Northrop Gruman Corporation, BAE
Systems, and the Joint Strike Fighter Program
Office, for designing, developing, and
demonstrating the Integrated Lift Pan Propulsion
System, the next generation in aviation
propulsion performance, efficiency, and safety.
Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation and the S-92
industry team, for designing, manufacturing,
testing, and introducing into service the S-92
Helicopter, which raised
"across-the-board" standards for rotary
wing air travel.
The Gulfstream G550 team, for leading edge
achievement in designing, testing, and building
an innovative aircraft while incorporating
measurable safety enhancements and far-reaching
advances in aerospace technology.
Paul Allen, Burt Rutan, Doug Shane, Mike Melvill,
Brian Binnie, and the entire Spaceship One team,
for the successful development of the first
privately financed, built, and flown space
Eclipse Aviation, for innovation in the
advancement of general aviation through the
design, dvelopment, and manufacture of the
Eclipse 500, the world's first very light jet.
Lockheed Martin Corporation, The Boeing Company,
Pratt & Whitney, Northrop Grumman
Corporation, Raytheon Corporation, BAE Systems,
and the United States Air Force, for
conceptualizing, developing, and initially
implementing the next generation
performance-based air-ground, ground-air, and
air-air surveillance system.
The Commercial Aviation Safety Team, for
achieving an unprecedented safety level in U.S.
commercial airline operations by reducing risk of
a fatal airline accident by 83 percent, resulting
in two consecutive years of no commercial
scheduled airline fatalities.
NASA and the International Space Station team of
The Boeing Company, Draper Laboratory, Honeywell
Corporation, Lockheed Martin Corporation, United
Space Alliance, and United Technologies
Corporation, for the design, development, and
assembly in space of the world's largest
spacecraft, an orbiting laboratory, promising new
discoveries for mankind, and setting new
standards for international cooperation in space.
Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation and the X2
Technology Demonstrator team, for demonstrating a
revolutionary 250-knot helicopter, which marks a
proven departure point for the future development
of helicopters by greatly increasing their speed,
maneuverability, and utility.
The Boeing Company, for designing, building,
certifying, delivering, and supporting the Boeing
787; demonstrating significant advances in the
use of materials, technologies, and systems to
enhance safety, performance, comfort, and value
in commercial aircraft.
The NASA/JPL Mars Scince Laboratory/Curiosity
Project Team, in recognition of the extraordinary
achievements of successfully landing Curiosity on
Mars, advancing the nation's technological and
engineering capabilities, and significantly
improving humanity's understanding of ancient
Martian habitable environments.
Northrop Grumman, the U.S. Navy, and the
X-47B industry team, for developing and
demonstrating the first unmanned, autonomous air
system operating from an aircraft carrier.
Gilfstream, for the development of the Gulfstream
G650 Business Jet, which strengthened business
aviation through significant technology
advancements in aircraft performance, cabin
comfort, and safety.
For more information about the trophy see https://naa.aero/awards/awards-and-trophies/collier-trophy.
Glenn L. Martin
H. Glenn, Jr.
B. Shepard, Jr.
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