|Robert J. Collier Trophy
awarded annually by the National Aeronautic
Association "for the greatest achievement in
aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to
improving the perferormance, efficiency, and safety of
air or space vehicles, the value of which has been
thoroughly demonstrated by actual use during the previous
The only son of Collier Publishing founder P.F.
Collier commissioned this trophy in 1910, while he was
serving as president of the Aero Club of America,
National Chapter (now the Natiopnal Aeronautic
Association), with the intent to encourage the American
aviation community to strive for excellence and
Glenn H. Curtiss, for development of the hydro-aeroplane.
Glenn H. Curtiss, for the flying boat.
Orville Wright, for development of the automatic
Elmer A. Sperry, for gyroscopic control.
W. Starling Burgess, for Burgess-Dunne hydro-aeroplane.
Elmer A. Sperry, for the Sperry drift indicator.
no trophies awarded
Grover C. Loening, for his aerial yacht.
U.S. Air Mail Service, for a year's operation without a
single fatal accident.
U.S. Air Mail Serive, for night flying in commercial
U.S. Army Air Service, for first aerial flight around the
Sylvanus Albert Reed, for development of the metal
Maj. Edward L. Hoffman, for development of a practical
Charles L. Lawrence, for development of radial air-cooled
Aeronautics Branch, Department of Commerce, for
development of aiways and air navigation facilities.
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, for
development of cowling for radial air-cooled engines.
Harold F. Pitcairn and his associates, for development
and application of the autogiro.
Packard Motor Car Company, for development of the diesel
Glenn L. Martin,
for development of a high-speed weight-carrying airplane.
Hamilton Standard Propellor Company and Frank Walker
Caldwell, Chief Engineer, for controllable pitch
Capt. A.F. Hegenberger, U.S. Army Air Corps, for
development of a successful blind landing system.
Donald W. Douglas and his technical and production
personnel, for outstanding twin-engined transport
Pan American Airways, for the development of the
trans-Pacific airplane and the successful execution of
extended overwater navigation in the regular operation
U.S. Army Air Corps, for developing, equipping, and
flying the first successful pressure cabin airplane, the
Hughes and his associates, for their epoch-making
round-the-world flight in 91 hours 14 minutes.
Airline of the United States, for their high record of
safety in air travel, with special recognition to Drs.
Walter M. Boothby and W. Randolph Lovelace II of the Mayo
Foundation for Medical Education and Research and Capt.
Harry G. Armstrong of the U.S. Army Medical Corps at
Wright Field, for their contribution to this safety
record through their work in aviation medicine in general
and pilot fatigue in particular.
Dr. Sanford A. Moss and the Army Air Corps, for
development of the turbo-supercharger.
The Army Air Services and the Airlines of the United
States, for pioneering world-wide air transportation
vital to immediate defense and ultimate victory.
Gen. H.H. Arnold, U.S. Army, for his organization and
leadership of the Army Air Forces throughout the world.
Capt. Luis De Florez, U.S. Navy Reserve, for his
contribution to the safe and rapid training of combat
pilots and crews.
Gen. Carl A. Apaatz, Army Air Firces, for demonstrating
the air power concept through employment of American
aviation in the war against Germany.
Dr. Luis W. Alvarez, for his conspicuous and outstanding
initiative in the concept of, and his contribution to the
construction, adaptation, and effective use of the ground
control approach system for safe landing of aircraft
under all weather and traffic conditions.
Lewis A. Rodert, chief of the Flight Research Branch at
the Cleveland Laboratory of the National Advisory
Committee for Aeronautics, for his pioneering research
and guidance in the development and practical application
of a thermal ice prevention system for aircraft.
John Stack, research scientist, NACA, for pioneering
research to determine the physical laws affecting
supersonic flight, and for his conception of transonic
research airplanes. Lawrence D. Bell, president, Bell
Aircraft Corporation, for the design and construction of
the special research airplane, X-1. Capt. Charles E.
Yeager, U.S. Air Force, for being the first to achieve
human flight faster than sound on October 14, 1947 in the
The Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, for the
establishment of a guide plan for the development and
implementation of a system of air navigation and traffic
control to facilitate safe and unlimited aircraft
operations under all weather conditions.
William P. Lear, for development of the F-5 automatic
pilot and automatic approach control coupler system.
The helicopter industry, the military services, and the
Coast Guard, for development and use of rotary-wing
aircraft for air rescue operations.
John Stack and his associates at Langley Aeronautical
Laboratory, NACA, for the conception, development, and
practical application of the transonic wind tunnel
Leonard S. Hobbs of United Aircraft Corp., for
design, development, and production of the J-57 jet
James H. Kindelberger, for the North American land-based
F-100. Edward H. Heinemann, for the Douglass
Richard Travis Whitcomb, NACA research scientist, for
discover and experimental verification of the area rule,
a contribution to base knowledge yielding significantly
higher airplane speed and greater range with same power.
William M. Allen and his associates at Boeing Airplane
Company, for conception, development and quantity
production of America's first all-jet, long-range bomber,
the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress. Gen. Nathan F. Twining
and the U.S. Air Force, for sponsoring and making the
B-52 Stratofortress operational in 1955 as a powerful
weapon of peace.
Charles J. McCarthy and associates of Chance-Vought
Aircraft, Incorporated and Vice Admiral James S. Russell
and associates of the U.S. Navy Bureau of Aeronautics,
for conception, design, and development of the F-8U
Crusader, a carrier-based fighter which is the first
operational aircraft capable of speeds exceeding one
thousand miles an hour.
Edward P. Curtis, for his report entitled "Aviation
Facilities Planning," which represented a dramatic
advance in the field of long-range planning to meet the
complex problems involved in the use by aircraft of our
The United States Air Force and industry team responsible
for the F-104 Interceptor -- Clarence L. Johnson of
Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, for the design of the
airframe. Neil Burgess and Gerhard Neumann of the Flight
Propulsion Division. General Electric Company, for
development of its J-79 turbo jet engines. Maj. Howard C.
Johnson, U.S. Air Force, for establishing a world land
plane altitude record of 91,243 feet. Capt. Walter W.
Irwin, U.S. Air Force, for establishing a world
straightaway speed record of 1,404.09 miles per hour.
The United States Air Force, the Convair Division of
General Dynamics Corporation, and Space Technology
Laboratories, Inc., for developing, testing, producing,
and putting into operaation the Atlas, America's first
intercontinental ballistic missile so vital to the
security and space exploration needs of the United States
and the free world.
Vice Admiral William F. Raborn, U.S. Navy, under whose
direction the Navy, science, and industry created the
operational fleet ballistic missile weapon system
Maj. Robert M. White, U.S. Air Force; Joseph A. Walker,
NASA; A. Scott Crossfield, North American Aviation; and
Cmdr. Forrest Petersen, U.S. Navy, for invluable
technological contributions to the advancement of flight
and for great skill and courage as test pilots of the
Lt. Cmdr. Malcolm
Scott Carpenter, U.S. Navy; Maj. L. Gordon Cooper,
U.S. Air Force; Lt. Col. John
H. Glenn, Jr., U.S. Marine Corps; Maj. Virgil I.
Grissom, U.S. Air Force; Cmdr. Walter M. Schirra,
Jr., U.S. Navy; Cmdr. Alan B.
Shepard, Jr., U.S. Navy; Maj. Donald K. Slayton, U.S.
Air Force; for pioneering manned space flight in the
Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson, for designing and
directing the development of the USAF A-11 Mach 3
General Curtis E. LeMay, for development of high
performance aircraft, missiles, and space systems which
in 1964 significantly expanded the frontiers of American
aeronautics and astronautics.
James E. Webb and Hugh L. Dryden, representing all of the
program teams which significantly advanced human
experience in space flight.
James S. McDonnell, for his leadership and perseverance
in advancing aeronautics and astronautics exemplified by
the F-4 Phantom aircraft and the Gemini space vehicles.
Lawrence A. Hyland, representing the Surveyor
Program Team at Hughes Aircraft Company, the Jet
Propulsion Laboratory, and associated organizations that
put the eyes and hands of the United States on the Moon.
Borman, U.S. Air Force; Capt. James A. Lovell, Jr.,
U.S. Navy; and Lt. Col. William A. Anders, U.S. Air
Force; as the crew of Apollo 8 and representing the
entire United States space flight team for the successful
and flawless execution of the first manned lunar orbit
mission in history.
A. Armstrong; Col. Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., U.S. Air
Force; and Col. Michael Collins, U.S. Air Force, for the
epic flight of Apollo 11 and the first landing of man on
the surface of the Moon on July 20, 1969.
The Boeing Company, as leader of the
industry-airline-government team which successfully
introduced the 747 into commercial service, with
particular recognition to Pratt and Whitney Division of
United Aircraft Corporation and to Pan American World
R. Scott, U.S. Air Force; Col. James B. Irwin, U.S.
Air Force; and Lt. Col. Alfred M. Worden, U.S. Air Force;
for demonstrating superb skill and courage, and to Dr.
Robert T. Gilruth as representative of the engineering
genius of the manned space flight team, culminating in
Apollo 15, man's most prolonged and scientifically
productive lunar mission.
The officers and men of the 7th Air Force and 8th Air
Force of the United States Air Force and Task Force 77 of
the United States Navy, for successfully carrying our
operation Linebacker II, the air campaign against North
Vietnam in December 1972 which through precise, accurate,
and determined attacks on key military targets in the
face of unprecedented defenses, brought about a cease
fire under terms which attained United States objectives
in Southeast Asia.
Program, with special recognition to William C.
Schneider, program director, and the three Skylab
astronaut crews, for proving beyond question the value of
man in future explorations of space and the production of
data of benefit to all the people on Earth.
Dr. John F. Clark, NASA, and Daniel J. Fink, General
Electric Company, representing the NASA/Industry team
responsible for the Earth Resources Technology Program
(LANDSAT), for proving in 1974 the value of U.S. space
technology in the management of the Earth's resources and
environment for the benefit of all mankind, with special
recognition to Hughes Aircraft Company and RCA.
David S. Lewis of General Dynamics Corporation and the
F-16 Air Force Industry Team, for significant
advancements in aviation technology leading to innovative
fighter aircraft effectiveness.
The U.S. Air Force/Rockwell International Corporation and
the B-1 Industry Team, for the highly successful design,
development, management, and flight test of the B-1
strategic aircraft system.
Gen. Robert J. Dixon, Commander, and the U.S. Air Force
Tactical Air Command, for developing and implementing Red
Flag, an unprecedented combat simulated flight training
program for aircrews of the U.S. Armed Forces, a
significant contribution to national defense.
Sam B. Williams, chairman and president, Williams
Research Corporation, for conceiving and developing the
world's smallest, high efficiency turbofan engine which
was selected to power U.S. cruise missiles.
Dr. Paul B. MacCready, for the concept, desig, and
construction of the Gossamer Albatross, which made the
first man-powered flight across the English Channel, with
special recognition to Bryan Allen, the pilot.
Mission Team, represented by its chief scientist, Dr.
Edward C. Stone, for the spectacular fly-by of Saturn and
the return of basic new knowledge of the solar system.
NASA, Rockwell International, Martin Marietta, Thiokol,
and the entire government/industry team, for the
improvement of the concept of manned reusable spacecraft,
with special recognition to astronauts John Young, Robert
Crippen, Joe Engle, and Richard Truly.
T.A. Wilson and the Boeing Company, for the private
development of two advanced technology transports, 757
and 767, with the support of the Federal Aviation
Administration, industry, and the airlines.
The United States Army, Hughes Aircraft Helicopters, and
the industry team, for development of the AH-64A Apache
advanced technology helicopter weapon system.
NASA and Martin Marietta Corp., for the development of
the MMUI and the NASA industry satellite rescue team and
to astronaut Bruce McCandless, NASA's Charles R.
Whitsett, Jr., and Martin Marietta's Walter W.
Russell W. Meyer, Cessna Aircraft Co., and Cessna's line
of Citation Business Jet aircraft, for an unparalleled
passenger safety record during the past 14 years since
the Citation's introduction.
Jeana L. Yeager, Richard G. Rutan, Elbert L. Rutan, and
the Voyager Aircraft team of volunteers, for the
ingenious design and development of the Voyager aircraft
and their skillful execution of the first non-stop,
non-refueled flight around the world.
NASA Lewis Research Center and the NASA?Industry Advanced
Turboprop Team, for the development of advanced turboprop
propulsion concepts for single rotation, gearless counter
rotation, and geared counter rotation inducted fan
Rear Admiral Richard H. Truly, U.S. Navy, for his
assistance for the successful return of America to space.
Benjamin R. Rich, Lockheed Aircraft Corp., and the United
States Air Force team, for the F-117A stealth aircraft
The Bell Boeing Team, for the development of the V-22
Osprey Tiltrotor, the world's first large-scale Tiltrotor
The Northrop Corporation, the industry team, and the
United States Air Force, for the design, development,
production, and flight testing of te B-2 aircraft, which
has contributed significantly to America's enduring
leadership in aerospace and the country's future national
The Global Positioning System team, the United States Air
Force, the United States Naval Research Laboratory, the
Aerospace Corporation, Rockwell International
Corporation, and IBM Federal Systems Company, for the
most significant development for safe and efficient
navigation and surveillance of air and spacecraft since
the introduction of radio navigation 50 years ago.
The Hubble Space Telescope Recovery Team, for outstanding
leadership, intrepidity, and the renewal of public faith
in America's space program by the successful orbital
recovery and repair of the Hubble Space Telescope.
The United States Air Force, the McDonnell Douglas
Corporation, the United States Army, and the C-17
industrial team of subcontractors and suppliers, for
designing, developing, testing, producing, and placing
into service the C-17 Globemaster III, whose performance
and efficiency make it the most versatile airlift
aircraft in aviation history.
The Boeing Company and the 777 team, for designing,
manufacturing, and introducing into service the world's
most advanced commercial airplane transport, the Boeing
Cessna Aircraft Company and the Citation X design team,
for designing, testing, certifying, and placing into
service the Citation X, the first commercial aircraft in
U.S. aviation history to achieve a cruising speed of Mach
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation and the Gulfstream V
industry team, for successful application of advance
design and efficient manufacturing techniques together
with innovative international business partnerships, to
place into customer service the Gulfstream V, the world's
first ultra-long range business jet.
Lockheed Martin Corporation, GE Aircraft Engines, NASA,
U.S. Air Force Air Combat Command, and the Defense
Intelligence Agency, for designing, manufacturing, and
operating the U-2S/ER-2 high altitude, all-weather,
multi-functional data collection aircraft, which serves
as America's Sentinel of Peace around the world.
The Boeing Company, GE Aircarft Engines, Northrop Grumman
Corporation, Raytheon Corporation, and the United States
Navy, for designing, manufacturing, testing, and
introducing into service the F/A-18E/F multi-mission
strike fighter aircraft, the most capable and survivable
carrier-based combat aircraft.
Northrop Grumman Corporation, Rolls-Royce, Raytheon
Corporation, L-3 Communications, U.S. Air Force, and
DARPA, for designing, building, testing, and operating
Global Hawk, the first fully autonomous, operationally
demonstrated, and most capable surveillance and
reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicle in the world.
Pratt & Whitney, Rolls-Royce, Lockheed Martin
Corporation, Northrop Gruman Corporation, BAE Systems,
and the Joint Strike Fighter Program Office, for
designing, developing, and demonstrating the Integrated
Lift Pan Propulsion System, the next generation in
aviation propulsion performance, efficiency, and safety.
Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation and the S-92 industry team,
for designing, manufacturing, testing, and introducing
into service the S-92 Helicopter, which raised
"across-the-board" standards for rotary wing
The Gulfstream G550 team, for leading edge achievement in
designing, testing, and building an innovative aircraft
while incorporating measurable safety enhancements and
far-reaching advances in aerospace technology.
Paul Allen, Burt Rutan, Doug Shane, Mike Melvill, Brian
Binnie, and the entire Spaceship One team, for the
successful development of the first privately financed,
built, and flown space vehicle.
Eclipse Aviation, for innovation in the advancement of
general aviation through the design, dvelopment, and
manufacture of the Eclipse 500, the world's first very
Lockheed Martin Corporation, The Boeing Company, Pratt
& Whitney, Northrop Grumman Corporation, Raytheon
Corporation, BAE Systems, and the United States Air
Force, for conceptualizing, developing, and initially
implementing the next generation performance-based
air-ground, ground-air, and air-air surveillance system.
The Commercial Aviation Safety Team, for achieving an
unprecedented safety level in U.S. commercial airline
operations by reducing risk of a fatal airline accident
by 83 percent, resulting in two consecutive years of no
commercial scheduled airline fatalities.
NASA and the International Space Station team of The
Boeing Company, Draper Laboratory, Honeywell Corporation,
Lockheed Martin Corporation, United Space Alliance, and
United Technologies Corporation, for the design,
development, and assembly in space of the world's largest
spacecraft, an orbiting laboratory, promising new
discoveries for mankind, and setting new standards for
international cooperation in space.
Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation and the X2 Technology
Demonstrator team, for demonstrating a revolutionary
250-knot helicopter, which marks a proven departure point
for the future development of helicopters by greatly
increasing their speed, maneuverability, and utility.
The Boeing Company, for designing, building, certifying,
delivering, and supporting the Boeing 787; demonstrating
significant advances in the use of materials,
technologies, and systems to enhance safety, performance,
comfort, and value in commercial aircraft.
The NASA/JPL Mars Scince Laboratory/Curiosity Project
Team, in recognition of the extraordinary achievements of
successfully landing Curiosity on Mars, advancing the
nation's technological and engineering capabilities, and
significantly improving humanity's understanding of
ancient Martian habitable environments.
Northrop Grumman, the U.S. Navy, and the X-47B
industry team, for developing and demonstrating the first
unmanned, autonomous air system operating from an
Gilfstream, for the development of the Gulfstream G650
Business Jet, which strengthened business aviation
through significant technology advancements in aircraft
performance, cabin comfort, and safety.
For more information about the trophy see https://naa.aero
Glenn L. Martin
H. Glenn, Jr.
B. Shepard, Jr.
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