helped organize the Communist Party in the United States,
and was its candidate for President in 1936 and 1940.
became a believer in Socialism after spending six months
in jail for leading a railroad strike. A founder of the
Socialist Party of America in 1904, he was that party's
candidate for President in 1904, 1908, 1912, and 1920.
His last campaign was conducted while serving time in a
federal prison for criticizing the United States's entry
into World War I.
was a Presbyterian pastor who became a member of the
Socialist Party of America just priot to U.S. entry into
World War I. In addition to writing numerous books and
articles about Socialism and Socialist causes, he was
also the Socialist Party's candidate for President every
election year between 1928 and 1948.
was the publisher of The Coming Nation and Appeal
to Reason, the two most popular socialist journals
ever published in the United States.
was a newspaper published by the Communist Party USA. It
published its last issue on January 13, 1958.
Communist Party, 1958