|Royal Canadian Mounted Police
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police was
organized in 1873 as a force of 300 men to bring
order to the prairie region of the Northwest
Territory. The effectiveness of this organization
was proved by the quiet and orderly fashion in
which Canada's west became a part of the nation.
Today the RCMP is a national,
federal, provincial and municpal policing body.
It provides a total federal policing service to
all Canadians, as well as policing services under
contract to the three territories, eight
provinces (except Ontario and Quebec), more than
200 municipalities, 165 Aboriginal communities,
three international airports and numerous smaller
airports. No other nation in the world has a
policing body like the RCMP.
Major Events in RCMP
May 23 and August 30,
1873 Parliament authorized the
establishment of a policing force to bring law,
order and Canadian authority to the North-West
Territories (present-day Alberta and
September 25, 1873
Appointment of officers and recruitment for the
North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) commenced.
Approximately 275 officers and men, with horses
and equipment, arrived in present-day southern
Police jurisdiction extended to the Yukon.
South African War (Boer War): 250 NWMP members
served in the Canadian contingents and in the
South African Constabulary.
Police jurisdiction extended to the Arctic coast.
June, 1904 The
prefix "Royal" was conferred on the
NWMP by King Edward VII.
Northwest Mounted Police (RNWMP) contracted to
police the new provinces of Alberta and
responsibilities extended to northern Manitoba.
First World War: Cavalry squadrons provided for
1920 The RNWMP
absorbed the Dominion Police and became the Royal
Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). Responsibility
for federal law enforcement extended to all
provinces and territories.
Provincial policing under contract to
Provincial policing responsibilities assumed in
Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince
Provincial policing contracts extended to include
British Columbia and Newfoundland.
First women recruited as uniformed regular
For a more complete history, as
well as information concerning RCMP organization
and duties, see the official website at www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca.
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