learned how to freeze food without losing flavor
by watching Inuit fishermen, and used what he
learned to become the founder of today's frozen
foods industry. He was also a taxidermist,
natural scientist, inventor of a process for
converting sugar cane waste into paper pulp, and
expert at Chinese checkers.
patented the process for condensing milk in a
vacuum in 1856. The success of his invention
allowed him to found schools for freed blacks,
support poorly paid teachers, and help establish
what is now Baylor University.
demonstrated the world's first steel plow in
1837, and was producing 1,000 of them annually
within 10 years. He was also responsible for the
first plow steel ever manufactured in the United
established Guinness Brewery in Dublin in 1759
and within ten years was exporting his trademark
Extra Strong Porter to England. His sons and
grandsons subsequently introduced the brand to
consumers around the world.
established a small meatpacking business in a
small town at a time when the vast majority of
the meat business in the country was controlled
by five Chicago-based companies. He overcame his
disadvantage by focusing his efforts on pork and
by emphasizing quality over quantity, and Hormel
soon became a leading brand.
began buying and selling cheese in 1903 and by
1909 had established the foundations of what is
now the second largest food and beverage company
in the world. In 1916 he patented a process for
pasteurizing cheese so that it would resist
spoilage and could be shipped long distances.
began making and selling candies at the age of 9,
but did not enjoy true success until he was in
his 40's. That success began with a chocolate
malted milk bar called Milky Way. He was
subsequently responsible for the Snickers and
Three Musketeers bars.
patented his mechanical reaper in 1834. Although
his was not the first, it became the most
successful because of his innovative marketing
method, which included a payment plan and an
unprecedented written guarantee.
began his meat packing and shipping business by
purchasing a heifer for $19, butchering and
selling it, and then using his $10 profit to
repeat the process.