This pit viper is most
easily identified by its copper-colored head
(hence the name). Although a copperhead bite can
be serious for a human, it is rarely fatal.
This pit viper gets its common name from the
bright white lining inside its mouth. Because it
is almost always found in or very near water, it
is also known as a water moccasin.
Viper (Bitis gabonica)
The largest viper in Africa, the
Gaboon can grow to over 7 feet in length, with an
average length of just under 4 feet, and weighs
15 to 22 pounds. It also has the largest fangs of
all venomous snakes, about 2 inches long in a
Constrictor (Boa constrictor)
The most distinctive feature of this snake is the
head, which has a dark stripe
running dorsally from the snout to the back of
the head, a dark triangle between the snout and
eyes, and a continuation of that triangle behind
each eye that slants downward towards the jaw.
Snake (Coronella austriaca)
This snake is distinguished from similar species
by its uniformly colored belly. The common name
'smooth snake' refers to the scales, which lack
the keel of other snakes.
The Black Mamba (Dendroaspis
is named for the lining of its mouth, which is
purple-black and is displayed when threatened.
Capable of speeds up to 14 mph, it is one of the
fastest snakes in the world. It is also one of
the dealiest snakes in the world, with a venom
that is 100% lethal to humans without an
Anaconda (Eunectes notaeus)
Much smaller than its cousin the green anaconda,
the yellow anaconda is 9-15 feet long and weighs
66-88 pounds, with females being larger than
males. It has yellowish-green scales with brown
or blackish bands and overlapping spots that wrap
around the entire body.
feature of this snake is a yellowish, orange,
pink or white patch either side of the neck
forming an incomplete collar or ring.
Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)
A king cobra will not
attack unless cornered or provoked -- with the
exception of nesting females, which may attack
without provocation. The venom of the king cobra
is very potent -- one gram can kill 150 people.
The venom of a juvenile king cobra is just as
potent as that of an adult.
Python (Python reticulatus)
This snake is easily distinguished by its huge
size and the series of irregular diamond shapes
positioned dorsally along the back. The longest
snake in the world, the reticulated python
reguarly reaches lengths of 25 feet or more. It
is second to the green anaconda when it comes to
overall mass, however.
Tree Boa (Sanzinia
This snake is unique to
Madagascar, where it lives in forested areas near
bodies of water. It is endangered due to
increased farming and housing development, and is
now found only in protected areas.