|Madagascar Tomato Frog
This is a rather large frog,
with females being 3-4 inches long and weighing
about 8 ounces. The back is uniformly orange to
red in color, the underside is yellowish, and
there may be black spots on the throat. Males are
slightly duller and smaller than females.
Tomato frogs secrete a whitish
substance from their skin that, while not
poisonous, can cause a severe allergic reaction
This frog is found only on the
northeast coast of Madagascar, mainly around
Antongill Bay. It lives in swamps, shallow pools
and sewage water ditches.
Tomato frogs feed on arthropods
and other small animals it can catch. They are
ambush feeders, preferring to sit in one place
and wait for prey to come by and seldom go after
prey if they miss the first opportunity.
Males begin calling after rains
in an attempt to summon females. Breeding takes
place in stagnant or very slow-moving water,
after which 1,000-1,500 small black/white eggs
are deposited on the water surface. Eggs hatch 36
hours after laying. Tadpoles are filter feeders,
straining tiny bits of nutrients from water.
Metamorphosis is complete after 45 days, and
adult size is reached in less than a year.
Juveniles are yellow on the back, dark on flanks
Tomato frogs may live up to 10
years in the wild.
Other Habits and
Tomato frogs are nocturnal and
terrestrial. Their call, which consists of 3 to 7
unharmonious notes, is most often heard during
the evening and night. When disturbed, a tomato
frog can inflate itself to appear much larger and
The Madagascar Tomato Frog is
an endangered species. It is vulnerable to
collection for the illegal animal trade, as well
as to runoff of pesticides and other pollutants
into its habitat.
genus & species Dyscophus antongilii
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