This goat has long fur that
varies from white to purplish black in
color, giving a mottled grey appearance on the
upper parts and being lighter on the under parts.
The ears are covered in brown hair, the bridge of
the nose is dark and naked, the legs are dark
brown or black, and there are conspicuous
white cheek beards. Body length ranges from 2.5
to 6 feet, shoulder height from 1.5 to 3 feet,
and weight from 65 to 100 pounds. Both sexes are
similar in size and color, and both males and
females have slightly curved horns of about 4.5
to 6 inches in length. There are also prominent
scent glands under the eyes.
The Japanese serow's range is
restricted to the main Japanese islands of
Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. It lives in forested
areas on mountains from 2,000 to 8,000 feet.
Habits and Behaviors
The Japanese serow feeds during the early
morning and late afternoon, sheltering in caves
and under rock ledges during the rest of the day.
Although they move with a slow, clumsy gait,
they are sure-footed and steady, negotiating
steep rocky slopes with ease.
For most of the year, the Japanese serow lives
in small, discrete home ranges. For
individuals, they vary from 3 to 11 acres in
size, while family groups inhabit areas of 24 to
54 acres. These may constitute exclusive
territories, defended against members of the same
sex. During conflicts, the opponents chase
each other, inflicting serious injuries by
stabbing with their sharp horns. Both sexes mark
their home ranges with the secretion from their
preorbital glands. Regular paths are established
within these ranges, leading to specific
defecation and resting spots.
Japanese serows usually form monogamous pairs,
but some males mate with two and occasionally
three females in the same breeding season.
Usually male territories almost completely
overlap those of a female, but sometimes male
territories include territories of more than one
female. In these cases, those males are
polygynous. Mated pairs remain together every
year, perhaps because they hold consistent
territories. When a mate is displaced from their
territory, their mate remains in the same
territory and mates with the individual that
takes over the territory of the displaced animal.
Breeding takes place September to November,
and 1 (rarely 2 or 3) young is born 200-230 days
later (between May and June). The young serow is
weaned at about 5 months but will stay with its
mother for about a year. Sexual maturity is
reached at 2.5-3 years, at which time the young
serow will establish its own territory; a young
female may inherit its mother's territory. The
male provides no parental care but will usually
allow the young to stay in its territory until
reaching sexual maturity.
A Japanese serow can live 20-22 years in the
Japanese serows are browsers that feed
primarily on the buds and leaves of deciduous
broad-leaved trees. They also feed on the leaves
of evergreen coniferous trees and fallen acorns,
as well as flowers and fruits.
genus & species Capricornis crispus
Animal Diversity Web http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Capricornis_crispus/
Ultimate Ungulate www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Capricornis_crispus.html
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