Gorals can be described as
either large goats or small antelope, having
characteristics of both. Their overall size and
long, stout legs make them look somewhat like
small antelope, but their long, shaggy coat,
backward-curving, cylindrical, sharply pointed
horns (present on both sexes), and concave face
profile are more characteristic of goats. Adult
males can be up to 4½ feet long and 2½ feet
high at the shoulder and weigh up to 90 pounds;
females are smaller. Color ranges from gray to
brownish gray with a white patch on the throat.
The gray goral is found from
northern Burma through the Himalaya and other
mountain systems through China into Korea and far
eastern Siberia at elevations of 3,300-13,500
feet, with Himalayan populations living at much
higher elevations than those elsewhere. They
prefer steep, mountainous habitats with evergreen
and deciduous forests, but are also found on
exposed grassy ridges.
Habits and Behaviors
Gorals live in small isolated
populations. Ewes and juveniles form groups of up
to a dozen individuals, but mature males are
solitary outside of the breeding season. Groups
inhabit an area of about 100 acres, and most
individuals within a group will spend their
entire lives within that area. The range of a
solitary male may overlap that of more than one
group, which helps prevent inbreeding.
Gorals are most active in the
morning and evening, with the rest of the day
spent resting on a rock ledge. Their coat color
provides excellent camouflage, and, since they
are able to lie motionless for long periods of
time, gorals can be very difficult to spot, even
when lying in plain sight.
Like most other animals native
to mountainous regions, gorals are quite nimble
and can move at high speeds across very rough and
The rams join the groups of
ewes in the middle or end of September and return
to their solitary lives after mating in early
November. Whether males actively compete for
females is unknown. One calf, rarely twins, is
born after a gestation period of about 180 days.
It takes about a year for the calf to become
independent, and 2-3 years for it reach sexual
maturity. The average lifespan of a goral in the
wild is about fifteen years.
Gorals eat grasses, nuts,
lichens, twigs, and some fruit, with specific
diets varying by season.
genus & species Nemorhaedus goral
Ultimate Ungulate http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Nemorhaedus_goral.html
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