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Order Sphenisciformes

sfen is kuh form' Ez, penguins

Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)
Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)
The common name of the species is taken from macaroni fashion, the name for the exaggerated style of dress that appeared in Europe during the late 18th century. The name is appropriate, as the macaroni's most distinguishing feature is the crest of golden-yellow plume-like feathers on its head.

Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
The world's smallest penguin averages only 12 inches in height, with an average weight of 2.5 pounds, hence the common name "Little Penguin." It is white from the chin down the belly and on the underside of the flippers, and indigo blue everywhere else, hence its alternate names of "Little Blue" and "Blue."

Yellow-eyed Penguin (Megadyptes antipodes)
Yellow-Eyed Penguin (Megadyptes antipodes)
As its name suggests, this penguin is distinguished by its yellow eyes, along with a bright yellow band encircling the head from eye to eye and pale yellow feathers on the head. Unlike other penguins, yellow-eyed penguins do not nest within sight of each other.

Adelie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)
The Adélie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)
sports a characteristic "tuxedo look," with a blue-black back and completely white chest and belly. It is one of only two penguins found on the Antarctic mainland, the other being the emperor.

Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua)
The Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua)
is distinguished from other penguins by two white wedges behind the eyes that are connected by a medium-sized line across the top of the head, as well as a bright dark-orange lower mandible. It also has the most prominent tail of all penguins.

Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)
The Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)
is endemic to the subtropical Pacific coasts of Chile and Peru, adjacent to the Humboldt Current. It is distinguished from the Magellanic Penguin by a wide, solid black breast band, which also helps in distinguishing adults from juveniles.

Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)
Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)
This penguin is most easily identified by the white bands which loop over the eye, down the side of the neck and meet at the throat. It breeds around the southern tip of South America, from 40°S in Argentina to 37°S in Chile, as well as on the Falkland Islands.

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