This large, stocky diving duck is 19 to 23
inches long, has a wingspan of about 30 inches,
and weighs between 2 and 4 pounds.
Males are black except for a white
comma-shaped patch around the eyes and a white
patch on each wing that is only visible in
flight. Females are dark brown except for whitish
patches on each side of the face.
These scoters breed from Alaska to western
Ontario, and across northern Eurasia. North
American populations winter along the Pacific and
Atlantic coasts from Alaska and Newfoundland
southward to Mexico and Georgia. Eurasian
populations winter along the Atlantic coast of
Europe as far south as Spain and the Pacific
coast of Asia into southern China.
During the spring and summer months these
birds live on large freshwater or brackish lakes
and ponds. In the fall and summer they are found
on coastal estuaries, bays, and open coastline
with shallow water over shellfish beds.
The nest is a hollow in the ground located in
dense cover away from water. Clutches consist of
6 to 16 creamy buff or light pink eggs.
White-winged scoters feed on clams, mussels,
crustaceans, and insects found at the bottom of
shallow waters. They will also take some fish and
genus & species Melanitta fusca
All About Birds http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/White-winged_Scoter/id
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