The Robinson Library >> Science


mI' krO bI ol o jE, the branch of biology dealing with organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye


Robert KochRobert Koch
discovered the bacilli responsible for anthrax and tuberculosis, and also conducted research on cholera, diptheria, malaria, sleeping sickness, blood infections, and the bubonic plague. He was the recipient of the 1905 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
Jonas SalkJonas Salk
helped develop a flu vaccine, after which he turned his research attention to polio. He successfully tested a "dead virus" vaccine in 1952, and by 1961 the incidence of polio among American children had been reduced by 97 percent.
Selman WaksmanSelman Waksman
spent most of his career researching soil-borne microbes that could be used against bacteria and other microbes. During his research he coined the word "antibiotic," and, in 1944, isolated streptomycin, the first effective treatment for tuberculosis. He was honored for his work with the 1952 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

The Robinson Library >> Science