|The United Nations in 1960
During 1960 the membership of the United Nations
increased from 82 to 99, with all but one of the new
states being African.
The 15th session of the General
Assembly that convened on September 20, 1960 was a unique
gathering in that it brought together the heads of state
of many of its member states. The agenda proposed for the
meeting, consisting of 87 topics, was also the longest in
the history of the United Nations. At that opening, 14
new nations were admitted as members, the largest single
addition since the UN's founding in 1954. Three more
members were added before the general debate ended on
October 17. The session also witnessed for the first time
a serious challenge to the organization of the UN itself
when Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
proposed that the office of Secretary-General be replaced
by a three-man executive board similar to the Soviet
The Session (and Reactions
to It) in Pictures
Maurice Couvre de Murville,
Foreign Minister of France, addressing the opening
session, September 20.
Eisenhower was the first chief of
state to speak before the General Assembly, on
September 22. In his address he proposed a
program for safeguarding the security of newly
independent African nations.
waving to crowds in New York City on September
26. He had returned to the city to meet privately
with leaders of the Afro-Asian countries.
Castro, Premier of Cuba
committe for Castro at New York's Idlewild
Airport, September 18. About 2,000 persons were
present, many of whom went over fences to get a
at the rostrum on September 26, when he delivered
a 4-1/2-hour speech, which was largely an attack
on U.S. policies.
Hammarskjöld, Assembly President
Frederick Boland, and Andrew Cordier, executive
assistant to the Secretary-General, listening to
Castiella y Maíz, Spanish Foreign Minister,
reacting to an attack on General Francisco
Franco, Spanish chief of state, by Castro in his
personal bodyguards, New York City policemen
equipped with automatic rifles. About 8,000
police officers were assigned to the protection
of foreign leaders during the UN session.
York City policeman restraining a woman who was
exchanging insults with Castro sympathizers.
in New York City's Harlem district, location of
Castro's hotel and headquarters of the Cuban
the New York water front picketing the Soviet liner
"Baltika" (just visible at the top of the
picture), which brought Khrushchev and other Communist
leaders to the city.
Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet Union
Castro and Khrushchev during one of their several
meetings while the two leaders were in New York
and President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia
confer during the session of September 29.
of the Hungarian delegation at their desks; First
Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party Janos
Kádár is at left, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Endre Sik at right.
Gomulka, First Secretary of the Polish Communist
Hussein of Jordan addressing the General
Assembly on October 3.
Some of the members of the
Afro-Asian bloc who met as "neutralists" and
proposed that a renewed effort be made to bring together
for conferences U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower and
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. At this meeting on
October 4 were (left to right): Saeb Salam, Prime
Minister of Lebanon; Gamal
Abdel Nasser, President of the United Arab
Republic; Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana; U
Thant, Ambassador to the UN from Burma; and Jawaharlal
Nehru, Prime Minister of India.
One of the many informal
sessions which were held among various national leaders.
Prime Minister Nehru (white hat) may be identified in
this group, which met in a lounge at UN headquarters.
Nehru, Primce Minister of India
President of Indonesia
Meir, Foreign Minister of Israel
Abubakar Balewa, Prime Minister of Nigeria
Britannica Book of the Year Chicago:
Encyclopædia Britannica, 1961
In the Year 1960
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