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|The United Nations in 1947
1947 was an extremely active year for the young United Nations. Plans were laid for the permanent headquarters of the organization, studies were made and plans developed as a basis for future activities, and action was taken on urgent international problems.
In February, the Security Council considered the complaint of the United Kingdom against Albania, which alleged that the Albanian government had been responsible for the laying of mines in the Corfu Channel by which British ships had been damaged and British sailors killed and injured. In April the Security Council voted to refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice.
The Commission for Conventional Armaments was established by the Security Council on February 13 to make proposals for the general regulation and reduction of armaments and armed forces, and for practical safeguards in this connection.
The International Monetary Fund began its active operations on March 1.
The International Civil Aviation Organization came formally into existence in April after the Convention on International Civil Aviation had been ratified by the requisite number of states.
The Preparatory Commission of the International Refugee Organization took over on July 1 the responsibility of providing food and shelter for the refugees and displaced persons previously cared for by U.N.R.R.A. and the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees. In its first six months the Commission cared for an average of 650,000 persons a month in camps in Germany, Austria, Italy, and the Middle East.
On November 13 the General Assembly established an Interim Committee to function until the Assembly's next session, to consider and report on situations and disputes placed on the agenda of the next session, and also to consider the general principles of cooperation in maintaining peace and security.
The claims to independence of the people of Korea were recognized by the General Assembly in a resolution passed on November 14.
The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development began its operations during the year, both as a lender and a borrower. The Bank made four loands furing the year: $250,000,000 to France, $195,000,000 to the Nretherlands, $40,000,000 to Denmark, and $12,000,000 to Luxembourg. On July 15 the Bank sold bond issues totaling $250,000,000 to private investors on the United States market.
A total of 123 tariff agreements negotiated through the auspices of the United Nations Preparatory Committee on Trade and Employment were signed by 23 countries during the year.
This page was last updated on 01/10/2017.