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Classical Mythology

Etruscan, Greek, Roman, etc.

CONTENTS

Greek and Roman Deities
Many gods and goddesses of Greek mythology held similar positions in Roman mythology. This page lists the most important Greek and Roman divinities.

Artemis
Artemis
was the Greek goddess of childbirth, hunting, and the moon. Her chief "occupation" was to roam the wilderness with her nymphs in attendance hunting for lions, panthers, hinds, and stags, while also seeing to their well-being, safety, and reproduction.

Daedalus
Daedalus
was an Athenian architect, inventor, and craftsman. According to legend, it was he who built the Labyrinth to house the Minotaur. After being imprisoned in the same Labyrinth, he fashioned wings for himself and his son, with which they were able to escape.

Hades
Hades
was the Greek lord of the dead and ruler of the underworld. The kingdom of Hades was a neutral region reserved for the souls of people who deserved neither punishment nor reward upon death. He was probably the least favored of all the Greek gods.

Hermes
Hermes
was the messenger of the gods in Greek mythology, as well as the protector of travelers. The Greeks believed he brought good luck, especially in business. And, since he sometimes acted in a deceitful or mischievous manner, the Greeks also considered him a protector of thieves. Under the name of Hermes Psychopompos, he guided the souls of the dead to the lower world.

Ceres
Ceres
was the Roman goddess of grain, the harvest, and agriculture. She was the daughter of Saturn and Ops, and the wife of Jupiter, her brother, with whom she had one daughter, Proserpina.

Mercury
Mercury
was the messenger of the gods in Roman mythology, as well as the god of roads and travel. The ancient Romans also worshipped Mercury as the god of commerce, property, and wealth, and the English words commerce, merchandise, and merchant are all derived from his name.

The Robinson Library >> Religion and Mythology