|St. Patrick's Cathedral
New York City
The largest decorated
Gothic-style Catholic Cathedral in the United
States, St. Patrick's is also the seat of the
Archbishop of New York. The Cathedral and grounds
are bounded by Fifth and Madison Avenues and
Fiftieth and Fifty-First Streets (across the
street from Rockefeller Center).
The Cathedral was begun in 1858
by Archbishop John Hughes to replace the original
St. Patrick's Cathedral (which is still located
on Mulberry Street in Lower Manhattan). The
cornerstone was laid on August 15, 1858; the
Cathedral was dedicated on May 25, 1879.
Archbishop Michael Corrigan
added the towers on the west front in 1888, and
began work on the east addition, including the
Lady Chapel, in 1901.
Cardinal Hayes completed an extensive
renovation of the interior between 1927 and 1931,
which also included installation of the Kilgen
Restoration of the exterior was
undertaken during the episcopate of Cardinal
Spellman, who also oversaw completion of the
stained glass windows and a new main altar and
New shrines in honor of the
American saints were brought to the Cathedral
during the years when Cardinal Cooke was
Extensive renovations to
maintain the structural integrity of the building
were undertaken during the years of John Cardinal
The Cathedral was designed by
James Renwick, Jr. The Lady Chapel was designed
by Charles T. Mathews.
Built of white marble quarried
in New York and Massachusetts.
Exterior is 400 feet long and
174 feet wide.
Seats approximately 2,200.
Spires rise 330 feet from
Windows were made by artists in Chartres,
Birmingham, and Boston. The Great Rose Window
(shown at right) is one of Charles Connick's
The Chancel Organ was made by the St. Louis
firm of George Kilgen & Son, and installed in
1928. It has 3,920 pipes. The Grand Gallery
Organ, by the same company, was installed in
1930, and has 5,918 pipes. The two organs can be
played in combination action from either of two
five-manual consoles which together have a total
of 177 stops.
Famous people whose funerals were held at St.
Patrick's include New York Yankee greats Babe
Ruth and Billy Martin, legendary football coach
Vince Lombardi, and U.S. Senator and presidential
candidate Robert F. Kennedy.
For more information see the
official St. Patrick's Cathedral website, at www.saintpatrickscathedral.org.
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