was one of the few composers of his day to gain
personal fame during his lifetime. Amazingly,
most of his works were composed after he began to
lose his hearing.
wrote over 200 songs in his lifetime, many of
which were used in films, despite not knowing how
to read or write music and only being able to
play the piano in one key.
originally studied to be a lawyer, but found far
more success as a songwriter. In addition to
writing such classics as "Stardust" and
"Georgia On My Mind," his career also
included the writing of a number of songs used in
movies, appearances as an actor in 14 films,
three radio musical variety programs, and
numerous television appearances.
worked to make classical music accessible to and
enjoyable by young Americans.
wrote over 200 songs in his lifetime, including
"Oh! Susanna," "De Camptown
Races," "Old Folks at Home,"
"My Old Kentucky Home," "Jeanie
with the Light Brown Hair," and
was responsible for such well-known hits as
"Swanee" and "Rhapsody in
Blue," as well as the musicals Funny
Face, Girl Crazy, and Porgy and
were responsible for some of the most popular
operattas in the history of English theater,
including H.M.S. Pinafore, The
Pirates of Penzance, and The Mikado.
developed the symphony from a short, simple form
of musical composition to a long form for large
was one of the most prolific conductors and
composers of the late-1880's and early-1900's, as
well as a very accomplished cellist. In 1909, he
was instrumental in securing passage of a
copyright law beneficial to composers, and he was
a co-founder of the American Society for
Composers, Authors, and Producers (ASCAP) in
began learning piano at the age of eight, and
soon surpassed the talents of his teachers. He
became a composer after playing one of his own
piano pieces for German composer Franz Liszt, who
praised his composing talents even more highly
than he did his playing abilities.
published The Boston Handel
and Haydn Society Collection of Church Music
in 1822. In 1837, his efforts led to music
becoming a part of the curriculum in the Boston
public school system.
was a respected musician, composer, and conductor
by the time he was a teen-ager. As a conductor,
he was well known for organizing concerts aimed
at presenting composers representing particular
periods in music history.
began playing piano at age four, wrote a polka at
eleven, published his first composition at
twelve, and wrote his first song at thirteen.
Over the course of his short professional career,
he wrote well over 500 compositions, including
the songs "Narcissus," "The
Rosary," and "Mighty Lak' A Rose."
was the first American composer to have a work
performed in Europe, the first American to write
a symphony, and the first professor of music in
the United States.
became composer for the court of Austrian Emperor
Joseph II at the age of 24, and was for many
years one of the most respected and renowed
composers in Europe.
played a major role in the establishment of the
Czech national opera and creation of a Czech
first gained fame as the leader of the Marine
Band, from 1880 to 1892. He then formed his own
band, which spent forty years on tour. He also
composed 136 marches (including "Stars and
Stripes Forever"), 70 songs, 11 waltzes, and
dozens of other pieces.
was the first Russian composer to gain
international fame. He is best known today for
the ballets Swan Lake, Sleeping
Beauty and The Nutcracker, as well
as the fireworks spectacular standard The
composed the series of operas known collectively
as The Ring of the Nibelung, as well as Tristan
and Isolde, The Flying Dutchman,
and many others.