Glossary of Terms
thought the invention of an automatic gun that could
deliver a high rate of fire would reduce the number of
soldiers required to man the battlefield, thus helping to
reduce the number of battlefield casualties. In 1862 he
patented the Gatling Gun.
was little more than an over-sized gun barrel laid on a
wooden bench, pointed in the general direction of the
target, and propped up with wooden wedges.
were first developed as an answer to the
development of the tank. Their aim, of course, was to
pierce the tank's armor plating. They achieved their
effect by punching a hole in the armor, relying on their
mass and velocity for penetration.