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|Medicine in 1957
A new antiobiotic became available
in 1957. Introduced by Abbott Laboratories, Spontin
(trade name for ristocetin) kills bacteria rather than
merely halting their growth as many other antibiotics do.
Microbiologist Alma Goldstein (below) first
isolated it from soil samples brought back from
Colorado's Garden of the Gods when she vacationed there
several years ago.
In September Dr. Winston H. Price (below),
an epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins University, announced
development of a vaccine that in initial tests proved 80%
effective against a virus responsible for up to a third
of all common colds. Dr. Price reported tests run on 100
children exposed to an outbreak of colds resulting from
the virus. Those who got no vaccine caught eight times as
many colds as those who did. Approval of the vaccine
awaited more tests.
An inmate of the Ohio State
Penitentiary voluntarily receives an inection of cancer
cells. Scientits of the Sloan-Kettering Institute were
conducting a program of research in co-operation with the
prison in 1957. Fifty-three prisonsers volunteered to
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This page was last updated on 07/03/2017.