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Major Medical Specialty Fields

Anesthesiology is the study of anesthesia and anesthetics. Anesthesiologists give anesthetics during operations or supervise their administration.

Dermatology is the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders.

Family Practice is the supervision of the total health care needs of patients and their families, regardless of age.

Gynecology is the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system.

Internal Medicine is the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases of adults.Specialists are called internists. Some internists limit their practice to allergies; diseases of the heart and blood vessels; disorders of the digestive tract; or diseases of the lungs.

Neurology is the nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system.

Neurosurgery is the surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the nervous system.

Obstetrics is the care of women during pregnancy, as well as during and immediately after childbirth.

Ophthalmology is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of eye diseases.

Orthopedics is the surgical treatment of bone and joint diseases and bone fractures.

Otolaryngology is the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, and throat diseases.

Pathology is the study of changes in the body that cause disease or are caused by disease.

Pediatrics is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of children's diseases.

Physical Medicine treats diseases and handicaps by such physical means as light, heat, and water therapy.

Plastic Surgery restores or rebuilds certain parts of the body that are imperfect or have been damaged.

Preventive Medicine deals with the relation between environment and health. Specialists may limit their practice to such fields as public health or aviation medicine.

Psychiatry is the treatment of mental disorders.

Radiology is the use of X rays and radium to diagnose and treat disease.

Thoracic Surgery is the surgical treatment of diseases of the heart, lungs, or large blood vessels in the chest.

Urology deals with diseases of organs that pass urine and of the male reproductive organs.

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The Robinson Library >> Medicine

This page was last updated on 09/27/2017.