took a collection of traditional children's stories and
put them into a readable format in one volume, called Stories
of Tales from Times Past, with Morals. Subtitled Tales
of Mother Goose, the work included such well-known
stories as Little Red Riding Hood, Puss in Boots, and
published more than 270 works over the course of his
lifetime, and was the most widely read French writer of
his day. Most of his novels -- including The Three
Musketeers and The Count of Monte-Cristo --
were very loosely based on historic events.
gained literary renown with his first novel, The
Stranger, which received many favorable reviews,
including one from Jean-Paul Sartre. He was awarded the
Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957 and was still at the
height of literary success when he was killed in a car
accident in 1962.