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Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas

[du mah'] playwright and novelist

Alexandre Dumas was born in Villers-Cotterêts (Aisne), on July 24, 1802. His father died in 1806, leaving the family with nothing more than 30 acres of land. Unable to support her son financially, Alexandre's mother was forced to raise him in the home of her parents. Dumas had little formal education but he read voraciously and was especially attracted to 16th- and 17th-century adventure stories. His beautiful handwriting secured him a position as a clerk, which in turn allowed him to attend performances of an English Shakespearean company.

Inspired to write drama, Dumas made his debut as a playwright with La Chasse et L'amour, which opened in Paris on September 22, 1825. The first Dumas play to receive wide acclaim was Henry III and His Court, which was first produced on February 11, 1829. Dumas would subsequently produce dozens of plays, most of which were performed before enthusiastic audiences.

Dumas was also the author of novels, including The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte-Cristo, and The Man in the Iron Mask. Like his plays, most of Dumas' novels were very loosely based on historic events, although Dumas seldom let historical facts stand in the way of his stories.

Over the course of his lifetime Dumas would publish more than 270 works, and was the most widely read French writer of his day. To help him accomplish this he employed a number of collaborators, as well as a "fiction factory" in which hired writers executed his ideas.

Dumas' success as a writer made him large sums of money, but his extravagant lifestyle frequently left him in debt. In 1851 he was forced to flee to Belgium in order to escape creditors. In addition to flamboyance, Dumas was also known for carousing with mistresses. One of his liaisons resulted in the birth of Alexandre Dumas fils, who would become a respected playwright and novelist in his own right. Although he did actually marry one of his mistresses in 1840, he left her soon after spending her entire dowry.

At his death, on December 5, 1870, Dumas was virtually bankrupt. In 2002, his remains were removed from the cemetery of Villers-Cotterêts and reinterred in the Panthéon in Paris, among other notable French authors such as Émile Zola, Victor Hugo, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Francois-Marie Arouet Voltaire.

Selected Plays

Le Chasse et L'Amour (1825)
Henry III and His Court
(Henri III et sa Cour--1829)
Napoléon Bonaparte (1831)
Antony (1831)
Charles VII Chez ses Grand Vassaux (1831)
The Tower of Nesle (La Tour de Nesle--1832)
Catherine Howard (1834)
Cromwell et Charles I (1835)
Kean (1836)
Caligula (1837)
Piquillo (1837)
Le Bourgeois de Gand (1838)
Mlle de Belle-Isle (1839)
L'Alchimiste (1839)
Leo Burckart (1839)
Jarvis L'Honnête Homme (1840)
Jeannil le Breton (1841)
Les Demoiselles de Saint-Cyr (1843)
Le Vampire (1851)
Le Verrou de la Reine (1856)
L'Orestie (1856)

Selected Novels

Fiesque de Lavagna (1827)
Madame et la Vendée
(1832)
Téresa (1832)
Impressions de Voyage (1833)
Angèle (1833)
Captain Paul
(Le Capitaine Paul--1838)
Acte
(1839)
Les Crimes Célèbres
(1839)
Excursions sur les Bords du Rhin
(1841)
The Chateau d'Harmental
(Le Chevalier D'Hamental--1843)
George
(
Georges--1843)
The Three Musketeers (Les Trois Mousquetaires--1843-44)
The Count of Monte-Cristo (Le Comte de Monte-Cristo--1844-1845)
The Castle of Eppstein (Le Château D'Eppstein--1844)
The Corsican Brothers (Les Frères Corse--1844)
Queen Margot (
La Reine Margot--1845)
Twenty Years After (Vingt ans Après--1845)
From Paris to Cadiz (De Paris à Cadix--1846-1848)
The Lady of Monsoreau (La Dame de Monsoreau--1846)
Memories of a Physician (Mémoires d'un Médecin--1846)
The Knight of Redcastle (Le Chevalier de Maison-Rouge--1847)
The Man in the Iron Mask (1848-50)
Tales of the Supernatural (Les Mille et un Fantomes--1848-1851)
The Forty-Five Guardsmen (Les Quarante-Cinq--1848)
The Queen's Necklace (Le Collier de la Reine--1849)
The Black Tulip (La Tulipe Noire--1850)
The Countess de Charny (La Comtesse de Charnyi--1852-55)
Mes Mémoires (1852-1855)
Isaac Laquedem (1853)
Les Mohicans de Paris (1854)
The Wolf Leader (Le Meneur de Loups--1857)
The Companions of Jehu (Les Compagnon de Jehu--1857)
La Dame de Montsoreau (1860)
Les Garibaldiens (1861)
The Whites and the Blues (Les Blancs et les Bleus--1867)
Souvenirs Dramatiques (1868)
Histoire de Mes Bêtes (1868)

PRINT SOURCE
Encyclopædia Britannica Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1957

INTERNET SOURCE
The Literature Network http://www.online-literature.com/dumas/

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This page was last updated on 07/23/2017.