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Swiss Confederation

Schweiz (German), Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)

Location central Europe
Bordered By
France, Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy

map of Switzerland

Area 15,941 sq mi (41,285 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 213 mi (343 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 138 mi (222 km)
Highest Point Dufourspitze of Monte Rosa, 15,203 ft (4,634)
Lowest Point Lake Maggiore, 633 ft (193 m)
Natural Resources hydropower potential, timber, salt

Nationality Swiss
Population (July 2015 est)
8,121,830
Largest Cities Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern, Lausanne
Ethnic Groups mixed European
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim
Languages German, French, Italian

Capital Bern
Form of Government federal state
Present Constitution Adopted April 18, 1999
Chief of State and Head of Government
President of the Swiss Confederation Simonetta Sommaruga (since January 1, 2015)
Cabinet
Federal Council
Legislature
bicameral Federal Assembly (
Bundesversammlung)
Judiciary
Federal Supreme Court
Local Administration
26 cantons (states)

Currency Swiss Franc (SFr)
Per Capita Income
$58,100
Industries machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, time pieces, precision instruments, textiles and clothing, pigment, transportation equipment
Agriculture fruits, vegetables, potatoes, grain; wine; dairy products
Export Commodities food, beverages, tobacco, metal and chemical industries, precision instruments, watches, machinery and electronics, clothing
Import Commodities consumer goods, equipment, energy, raw materials

Independence from the Holy Roman Empire Achieved 1499
National Holiday August 1 (1291), formation of the Swiss Confederation
Flag white cross on red field;
a white cross used as identification for troops of the Swiss Confederation is first attested at the Battle of Laupen

flag of Switzerland

SEE ALSO
France
Germany
Austria
Italy

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Switzerland >> General Information

This page was last updated on 04/14/2017.