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Swiss Confederation

Schweiz (German), Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)

Location central Europe
Bordered By France, Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy

map of Switzerland

Area 15,941 sq mi (41,285 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 213 mi (343 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 138 mi (222 km)
Highest Point Dufourspitze of Monte Rosa, 15,203 ft (4,634)
Lowest Point Lake Maggiore, 633 ft (193 m)
Natural Resources hydropower potential, timber, salt

Nationality Swiss
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern, Lausanne
Ethnic Groups mixed European
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim
Languages German, French, Italian

Capital Bern
Form of Government federal state
Present Constitution Adopted April 18, 1999
Chief of State and Head of Government
President of the Swiss Confederation Alain Berset (since January 1, 2018)
Federal Council
bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung)
Federal Supreme Court
Local Administration
26 cantons (states)

Currency Swiss Franc (SFr)
Per Capita Income
Industries machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, time pieces, precision instruments, textiles and clothing, pigment, transportation equipment
Agriculture fruits, vegetables, potatoes, grain; wine; dairy products
Export Commodities food, beverages, tobacco, metal and chemical industries, precision instruments, watches, machinery and electronics, clothing
Import Commodities consumer goods, equipment, energy, raw materials

Independence from the Holy Roman Empire Achieved 1499
National Holiday August 1 (1291), formation of the Swiss Confederation
Flag white cross on red field; a white cross used as identification for troops of the Swiss Confederation is first attested at the Battle of Laupen

flag of Switzerland

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The Robinson Library >> Switzerland

This page was last updated on 10/01/2018.