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  General and Old World History
map of Spain Spain
General Information
The Habsburgs, 1516-1700
The Bourbons, 1700-1808
1886 to Present
Regions, Provinces, Etc., A-Z
King Juan Carlos
Juan Carlos
Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias was the grandson of exiled King Alfonso XIII. He became de facto heir to the throne by decree of General Francisco Franco in 1969, and King of Spain two days after Franco's death in 1975. Soon after being crowned, he helped usher in Spain's first democratically elected government since 1939.
King Alfonso XIII
Alfonso XIII
Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena was proclaimed King of Spain upon his birth in 1886, due to the death of his father six months earlier, and reigned until fleeing the country in 1931.
Philip II
Philip II
reigned as King of Spain from 1556 to 1598. Major events of his reign included the conclusion of a peace with France, the loss of the Spanish possession of the Netherlands, and the defeat of the Spanish Armada at the hands of the English.
Canary Islands
The Canary Islands
is an autonomous province of Spain that consists of an archipelago of 13 islands in the Atlantic Ocean about 60 miles off the northwest coast of Africa. The name comes from canaria, the Latin word for "dogs," and was given to them by the ancient Romans because they found large, fierce dogs living there.
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939
Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939
In July 1936, Spanish army units stationed in Morocco proclaimed a revolution against Spain's government. Most army units in Spain then rose in revolt, and they soon won control of about a third of the country. Francisco Franco entered Madrid in March 1939, and the remaining Loyalist forces surrendered on April 1st.
is a British dependency on the southern coast of Spain. It lies on a narrow peninsula near the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. The Rock of Gibraltar, a huge limestone mass, occupies most of Gibraltar's 2.3 square miles.
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This page was last updated on 08/20/2015.

General Information | 1479-1516 | 1516-1700 | 1700-1808 | 1886 to Present | Regions, Provinces, Etc., A-Z

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