The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Spain
Kingdom of Spain

Reino de España

Location southwestern Europe
Bordered By Portugal, France, Andorra

map of Spain

Total Area 194,885 sq mi (504,750 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 646 mi (1,040 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 547 mi (880 km)
Coastline 2,345 mi (3,774 km)
Highest Point (mainland) Mulhacén; 11,411 ft (3,478 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; sea level
Natural Resources coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land

Population (July 2015 est) 48,146,134
Nationality Spanish
Largest Cities Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia
Ethnic Groups mix of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Castilian Spanish (official), Catalan, Galician, Basque

Capital Madrid
Form of Government parliamentary monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted
October 31, 1978
Chief of State
King Felipe VI (since June 19, 2014)
Head of Government
President of the Government Mariano Rajoy (since December 20, 2011)
Council of Ministers
bicameral General Courts (Las Cortes Generales)
Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo)
Local Administration
17 autonomous communities (comunidades autonomas) and 2 autonomous cities (ciudades autonomas)

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
textiles and apparel, food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Agricultural Products
grains, olives, grapes, citrus fruits, vegetables; sheep, pigs, cattle, goats
Export Commodities
machinery, motor vehicles, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, medicines, other consumer goods
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, semifinished goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, measuring and medical control instruments

Unification of Kingdoms 1492
National Holiday National Day; October 12 (1492)
Flag three horizontal bands of red, yellow, and red, with the national coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band

flag of Spain

Coat of Arms emblems of the traditional kingdoms of Spain are displayed on the shield (clockwise from upper left: Castile, Leon, Navarre, Aragon); Granada is represented by the stylized pomegranate at the bottom of the shield; two columns representing the Pillars of Hercules frame the shield; the red scroll bears the imperial motto Plus Ultra ("further beyond), referring to Spanish lands beyond Europe

Spanish Coat of Arms

See Also


Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> General Information

This page was last updated on September 29, 2018.