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Portuguese Republic

República Portuguesa

Location southwestern Europe
Bordered By Spain

map of Portugal

Area (excluding Azores and Madeira island groups) 35,553 sq mi (92,082 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 125 mi (201 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 350 mi (563 km)
Coastline 458 mi (737 km)
Highest Point Estrela; 6,539 ft (1,993 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic coast; sea level
Natural Resources coal, copper, wolframite

Population (July 2015 est) 10,825,309
Nationality Portuguese
Largest Cities Lisbon, Porto, Amadora, Braga, Setúbal, Coimbra, Queluz, Funchal, Cacém, Vila Nova de Gaia
Ethnic Groups mix of Mediterranean types
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Portuguese (official), Mirandese

Capital Lisbon
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
April 2, 1976
Chief of State
President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (since March 9, 2016)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Antonio Luis Santos da Costa (since November 24, 2015)
Council of Ministers
unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica)
Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal de Justica); Constitutional Court (Tribunal Constitucional)
Local Administration
18 districts (distritos) and 2 autonomous regions (regioes autonomas)

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper, chemicals, auto-parts manufacturing, base metals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications, dairy products, wine and other foods, ship construction and refurbishment, tourism
Agricultural Products
grains, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, dairy products; fish
Export Commodities
agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals
Import Commodities
agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials

Kingdom of Portugal Recognized 1143
National Holiday Portugal Day (Dia de Portugal); June 10 (1580); the day that national poet Luis de Camoes died
Flag two vertical bands of green and red with the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) centered on the dividing line; explanations for the color meanings are ambiguous, but a popular interpretation has green symbolizing hope and red the blood of those defending the nation

flag of Portugal

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The Robinson Library >> Portugal

This page was last updated on September 03, 2018.