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  General and Old World HistoryPortugalGeneral Information
 
map of PortugalPortuguese Republic

República Portuguesa

Location southwestern Europe
Bordered By
Spain
Area (excluding Azores and Madeira island groups) 35,553 sq mi (92,082 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 125 mi (201 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 350 mi (563 km)
Coastline 458 mi (737 km)
Highest Point Estrela; 6,539 ft (1,993 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic coast; sea level
Natural Resources coal, copper, wolframite

Population (July 2015 est) 10,825,309
Nationality Portuguese
Largest Cities Lisbon, Porto, Amadora, Braga, Setúbal, Coimbra, Queluz, Funchal, Cacém, Vila Nova de Gaia
Ethnic Groups mix of Mediterranean types
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Portuguese (official), Mirandese

Capital Lisbon
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
April 2, 1976
Chief of State
President
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (since March 9, 2016)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Antonio Luis Santos da Costa (since November 24, 2015)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica)
Judiciary
Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal de Justica); Constitutional Court (Tribunal Constitucional)
Local Administration
18 districts (
distritos) and 2 autonomous regions (regioes autonomas)

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
$23,000
Industries
textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper, chemicals, auto-parts manufacturing, base metals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications, dairy products, wine and other foods, ship construction and refurbishment, tourism
Agricultural Products
grains, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, dairy products; fish
Export Commodities
agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals
Import Commodities
agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials

flag of PortugalKingdom of Portugal Recognized 1143
National Holiday
Portugal Day (Dia de Portugal); June 10 (1580); the day that national poet Luis de Camoes died
Flag
two vertical bands of green and red with the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) centered on the dividing line; explanations for the color meanings are ambiguous, but a popular interpretation has green symbolizing hope and red the blood of those defending the nation


Spain

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  The Robinson Library > General and Old World History > Portugal > General Information

This page was last updated on August 22, 2016.

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