The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden

Konungariket Sverige

Origin of Name The country of Sweden was named for its inhabitants, who were called by the Romans "Suiones," probably from Proto-Germanic sweba, meaning "free, independent," or else from geswion, meaning "kinsman." Sverige, the country's name in its native language, also derived from the Roman name.

Location northern Europe
Bordered By Norway, Finland

map of Sweden

Area 173,732 sq mi (449,964 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 977 mi (1,572 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 310 mi (499 km)
Coastline 4,700 mi (7,564 km)
Highest Point Mount Kebnekaise; 6,926 ft (2,111 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower

Nationality Swedish
Population (July 2015 est)
9,801,616
Largest Cities
Stockholm, Göteburg
Ethnic Groups Swede
Religions Lutheran
Languages Swedish (official)

Capital Stockholm
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted
January 1, 1975
Chief of State
King Carl XVI Gustaf (since September 19, 1973)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Stefan Lofven (since October 3, 2014)
Cabinet
appointed by the Prime Minister
Legislature
unicameral Parliament (Riksdag)
Judiciary
Supreme Court of Sweden, Supreme Administrative Court
Local Administration
21 counties (lan)

Currency Kronor (SEK)
Per Capita Income
$46,000
Industries iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Agricultural Products
barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk
Export Commodities machinery, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals
Import Commodities machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel, foodstuffs, clothing

Independence Achieved June 6, 1523 (Kalmar Union dissolved and Gustav Vasa elected king)
National Holiday National Day, June 6 (on June 6, 1523, Gustav Vasa was elected king, and on the same date in 1809 the country adopted a new constitution)
Flag blue with a golden yellow cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors reflect those of the Swedish coat of arms -- three gold crowns on a blue field

flag of Sweden

See Also

Norway
Finland

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Sweden

This page was last updated on October 01, 2018.