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  General and Old World HistoryNorthern EuropeNorwayGeneral Information
 
map of NorwayKingdom of Norway

Kongeriket Norge

Origin of Name From the old Norse noršr and vegr, "northern way", referring to long coastal passages from the western tip of Norway to its northernmost lands in the Arctic.

Location northern Europe
Bordered By
Sweden

Area 125,182 sq mi (324,219 sq km)
Greatest Distance NE-SW 1,100 mi (1,770 km)
Greatest Distance NW-SE 280 mi (451 km)
Coastline 1,650 mi (2,655 km)
Highest Point Glittertinden; 8,104 ft (2,470 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower

Nationality Norwegian
Population (July 2014 est)
5,147,792
Largest Cities
Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Stavanger
Ethnic Groups Norwegian
Religions Evangelical Lutheran (official)
Languages
Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official)

Capital Oslo
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted
May 17, 1814
Chief of State
King Harald V (since January 17, 1991)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Erna Solberg (since October 16, 2013)
Cabinet
Council of State appointed by the monarch
Legislature
unicameral Parliament (Storting)
Judiciary
Supreme Court (
Hoyesterett)
Local Administration
19 counties (
fylker)

Currency Norwegian Kroner
Per Capita Income
$55,900
Industries
petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Agricultural Products
barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
Export Commodities
petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs

Independence Achieved June 7, 1905 (Norway dissolved its union with Sweden)
National Holiday Constitution Day, May 17 (1814)
Flag
red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors recall Norway's past political unions with Denmark (red and white) and Sweden (blue)

flag of Norway


Sweden

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This page was last updated on February 19, 2015.

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