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  General and Old World HistoryNorthern EuropeIceland
 
map of IcelandRepublic of Iceland

Lřdhveldidh ═sland

location of IcelandLocation an island approximately 200 miles east of Greenland

Area 39,769 sq mi (103,000 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 300 mi (483 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 190 mi (306 km)
Coastline 1,243 mi (2,000 km)
Highest Point Hvannadalshn˙kur; 6,952 ft (2,119 m)
Lowest Point sea level

Nationality Icelandic
Population (July 2013 est)
315,281
Largest Cities
ReykjavÝk
Ethnic Groups Norse, Celtic
Religions Lutheran Church of Iceland
Languages Icelandic, English

Capital ReykjavÝk
Form of Government
constitutional republic
Chief of State
President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson (since August 1, 1996)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson (since May 23, 2013)
Cabinet
appointed by Prime Minister
Legislature
unicameral Parliament (Althing)
Judiciary
Supreme Court (
Haestirettur)
Local Administration
8 regions

Currency Kronur
Per Capita Income
$39,900
Industries
fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, hydropower, tourism
Agricultural Products
potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products; fish
Export Commodities
fish and fish products, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles

flag of the NetherlandsIndependence Achieved June 17, 1944
From
Denmark
National Holiday Independence Day
Flag
blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); red is for the island's volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and ice fields of the island, and blue is for the surrounding ocean


Greenland
Denmark

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  The Robinson Library > General and Old World History > Northern Europe > Iceland

This page was last updated on 11/30/2014.

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