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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Northern Europe >> Finland >> General Information
Republic of Finland

Suomen Tasavalta

map of FinlandFinland on a map of EuropeLocation northern Europe
Bordered By
Sweden, Norway, Russia

Area 130,120 sq mi (337,009 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 720 mi (1,160 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 335 mi (540 km)
Coastline 1,462 mi (2,353 km)
Highest Point Haltiatunturi; 4,344 ft (1,324 m)
Lowest Point Baltic Sea; sea level
Natural Resources timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

Nationality Finn
Population (July 2015 est)
5,476,922
Largest Cities
Helsinki, Espoo, Tampere, Vantaa, Turku, Oulu
Ethnic Groups Finn, Swede, Russian, Estonian, Roma (Gypsy), Sami
Religions Lutheran Church of Finland, Orthodox Church, other Christian
Languages Finnish (official), Swedish (official), other

Capital Helsinki
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted March 1, 2000
Chief of State
President Sauli Ninisto (since March 1, 2012)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Juha Sipila (since May 29, 2015)
Cabinet
Council of State (Valtioneuvosto) appointed by the President
Legislature
unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta)
Judiciary
Supreme Court (Korkein Oikeus)
Local Administration
19 regions (
maakunnat)

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
$41,200
Industries
metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
Agricultural Products
barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish
Export Commodities
machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, timber, paper, pulp
Import Commodities
foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains

Independence from Russia Achieved December 6, 1917
National Holiday Independence Day, December 6
Flag white with a blue cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

flag of Finland

SEE ALSO
Sweden
Norway
Russia
Helsinki

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Northern Europe >> Finland >> General Information

This page was last updated on January 14, 2017.