Prime Minister of Finland
Harri Hermanni Holkeri was born
in the small rural city of Toijala, on January 6,
1937, the son of a police officer. He received
his Masters Degree in Political Science from the
University of Helsinki in 1962. His political
career began when he joined the Youth Movement of
the Conservative Party at the age of 22, and it
has continued in one way or another ever since.
He is married to Marja-Liisa, with whom he has
one son and one daughter.
Chronology of His
Secretary of the Youth Movement
of the Conservative Party,
Secretary of the Conservative Party, 1965-1971.
Member of the Helsinki City Council, 1969-1988
(including a stint as Chairman, 1981-1987).
Chairman of the Conservative Party, 1971-1978.
Member of Parliament, 1971-1978.
Unsuccessful Candidate for President, 1982 and
Elections held in 1987 resulted in
neither of Finland's major parties winning a
majority in Parliament. Under the
constitution in effect at that time, the
President of the Republic played a key role in
choosing who should form the government.
President Mauno Koivisto, elected from among the
Social Democrats, gave that task to Holkeri, who
then assembled Finland's first conservative
government since World
War II. Despite having to preside over a
government consisting of two diametrically
opposed parties, Holkeri was able to guide
Finland through what could have been a very
tumultuous time, and Finland quickly found its
place as a member of the European Union.
Chronology of His
Member of the Finnish
Delegation to the United Nations General
Vice-President of the European Free Trade
Association Parliamentarians, 1974-1975.
Member of the Nordic Council, 1975-1978.
President of the European Free Trade Association
Member of the International Body on
Decommissioning in Northern Ireland, 1995-1996.
One of the three Independent Chairmen in The All
Party Talks in Northern Ireland, 1996-1998.
President of the 55th General Assembly
of the United Nations, 2000-2001
The General Assembly of 2000 was
exceptional for the reason that it produced the
UN's Millennium Declaration, the principal aim of
which was to set the clearest possible targets
for the world organisation to achieve, such as
halving poverty. Holkeri's clear-cut and balanced
leadership was valuable in this demanding work.
United Nations Special Representative
for Kosovo, 2003-
President of The Finnish National Commission
for UNESCO, 2003-.
Member of the Board of International Institute
for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA),
Chronology of His
Member of the Supervisory Board
of Ilmarinen Pensions Insurance Company,
Member of the Board of the Mortgage Bank of
Member of the Supervisory Board of Enso-Gutzeit
Member of the Board of Governors of the Bank of
Member of the Supervisory Board of Kemi
Member of the Board of Tervakoski Company,
Chairman of the Supervisory Board of VALMET
Chairman of the Board of Helsinki Telephone
Company Ltd., 1981-2000.
Member of the Auditing Board of United Papermills
Member of the Supervisory Board of Veitsiluoto
Member of the Supervisory Board of SALAMA
Insurance Company, 1985-1994.
Chairman of the Auditing Board of Repola
Member of the Board of the Bank of
Chairman of the Board of Sponda Corporation,
Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Finnair,
Chairman of the Levi Northstar Company, 1996-.
Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Finnish
Fair Corporation, 1997-.
Chairman of the Board of Finnair, 1997-2002.
Member of the Supervisory Board of Fortum
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