The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> The Netherlands >> General Information
Kingdom of the Netherlands

Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

Location western Europe
Bordered By
Germany, Belgium

location of the Netherlands in Europe

map of the Netherlands

Area 15,892 sq mi (41,160 sq km)
Comparative Area slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Greatest Distance E-W 167 mi (269 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 196 mi (315 km)
Coastline 228 mi (367 km)
Highest Point Vaalserberg; 1,057 ft (322 m)
Lowest Point Zuidplaspolder; -22 ft (-7 m)
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

Nationality Dutch
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities
Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague
Ethnic Groups Dutch
Religions Roman Catholic, Dutch Reformed, Calvinist, Muslim
Languages Dutch (official), Frisian (official)

Capital Amsterdam
Present Constitution Adopted
Form of Government
constitutional monarchy
Chief of State King Willem-Alexander (since April 30, 2013)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Mark Rutte (since October 14, 2010)
Council of Ministers appointed by monarch
bicameral States General (Staten Generaal)
Supreme Court (Hoge Raad)
Local Administration
12 provinces

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
Industries agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Agricultural Products grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Export Commodities machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs
Import Commodities machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing

Independence from Spain Achieved January 23, 1579
National Holiday Queen's Day; April 30 (1909)
Flag three equal horizontal bands of red, white, and blue; one of the oldest tricolor flags in constant use, the colors originated with William I, Prince of Orange,
who led the Dutch Revolt against Spanish sovereignty in the latter half of the 16th century

flag of the Netherlands


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> The Netherlands >> General Information

This page was last updated on 04/13/2017.