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Queen of the Netherlands, 1980-2013
Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard was born at the Soestdjik Palace in Baarn, Netherlands, on January 31, 1938, and baptized at the Great Church in The Hague on May 12, 1938. She was the first child of Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biersterfeld.
On September 6, 1948, Princess Juliana succeeded Wilhelmina as Queen of the Netherlands, and Princess Beatrix became the heir presumptive. She became a member of the Council of State upon her 18th birthday, on January 31, 1956.
In April 1950, Princess Beatrix entered the Incrementum, a part of Baarnsch Lyceum, where, in 1956, she passed her school-graduation examinations in the subjects of arts and classics. Following her basic education, Princess Beatrix entered Leiden University, where she studied history, sociology, jurisprudence, economics, and law. She passed her preliminary examination in law in the summer of 1959, and obtained her law degree in July 1961. Her studies during this time also included visits to several European and international organizations, as well as to the United States.
On June 28, 1965, the engagement of Princess Beatrix to the German diplomat Claus von Amsberg was announced. Following the consent of Parliament to the marriage, Claus von Amsberg became a Dutch citizen, and upon his marriage, on March 10, 1966, became Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer van Amsberg. Three sons were born to the union: Willem Alexander (1967), Johan Frisco (1968), and Constantijn (1969).
Princess Beatrix became Queen Beatrix upon the abdication of her mother, on April 30, 1980.
Prince Claus died on October 6, 2002. The Queen's mother, Princess Juliana, died on March 20, 2004, after a long bout with senile dementia. Her father, Prince Bernhard, died of cancer on December 1, 2004.
Following the tradition set by her grandmother and mother, Queen Beatrix abdicated exactly 33 years after assuming the throne, on April 30, 2013. Her eldest son became King Willem Alexander that same day.
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This page was last updated on 02/10/2019.