The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Low Countries >> Belgium >> General Information
Kingdom of Belgium

Koninkrijk BelgiŽ (Dutch); Royaume de Belgique (French)

map of Belgium

Location western Europe
Bordered By
Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France

location of Belgium in Europe

Area 11,781 sq mi (30,513 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 170 mi (274 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 140 mi (225 km)
Coastline 39 mi (63 km)
Highest Point Signal de Botrange; 2,277 ft (694 m)
Lowest Point North Sea; sea level
Natural Resources construction materials, silica sand, carbonates

Nationality Belgian
Population (July 2015 est) 11,323,973
Largest Cities
Antwerp, Ghent, Brussels
Ethnic Groups Fleming, Walloon, mixed or other
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Dutch (official), French (official), German (official)

Capital Brussels
Form of Government federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted July 14, 1993
Chief of State
King Philippe (since August 21, 2013)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Charles Michel (since October 11, 2014)
bicameral Parliament
Supreme Court of Justice (Hof van Cassatie; Cour de Cassation)
Local Administration
3 regions

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
Industries engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Agricultural Products
sugar beets, vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk
Export Commodities machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
Import Commodities machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, oil products

Independence from the Netherlands Achieved October 4, 1830
National Holiday ascension to the Throne of King Leopold I; July 21 (1831)
Flag three equal vertical bands of black, yellow, and red; the colors are from the arms of the Duchy of Brabant

flag of Belgium


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Low Countries >> Belgium >> General Information

This page was last updated on May 29, 2017.