|THE ROBINSON LIBRARY|
|The Robinson Library
and Old World History >> General History
World War II, 1939-1945
|Participants in World War II
In World War II, about 50 Allied nations joined forces against Germany, Japan, and the other Axis powers. Few countries remained totally neutral.
of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment)
fought between February 19 and March 26, 1945, featured the largest body of Marines committed in combat in one operation during World War II, and included some of the fiercest and bloodiest fighting in the Pacific Theater. The 36-day assault resulted in more than 26,000 American casualties and about 20,000 Japanese casualties.
|Military Casualties in World War II||The Battle of Okinawa (Operation Iceberg), fought between April 1 and June 22, 1945, was the first (and only) U.S. land operation on Japanese soil during World War II, as well as the largest amphibious assault and last major battle in the Pacific Theater. It was also the bloodiest campaign in the Pacific, with more than 250,000 total casualties suffered.|
|The War in Europe and Africa: A Chronology||The Story of the SS Dorchester and the Four Chaplains Originally outfitted as a luxury passenger liner, the Dorchester was refitted into a troop carrier after the U.S. entered the Second War. Torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine, she is now best remembered for the four Army chaplains who gave their lives to help their comrades.|
|The North Africa Campaign
(Operation Torch), 1942
In May, 1942, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps, aided by Italian troops, began a powerful offensive in North Africa. British troops had halted that offensive by July, American troops landed in November, and the last organized Axis army force surrendered in May, 1943.
|The Surrender of Japan On September 2, aboard the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japanese envoys Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and General Yoshijiro Umezu signed their names on the Instrument of Surrender. Afterward, General MacArthur signed for the Allied Powers and accepted the surrender.|
|The Italian Campaign,
On July 10, 1943, Allied toops landed on Sicily. During the fighting, Benito Mussolini fell from power in Italy. The Allies occupied all Sicily on August 17. The new Italian government signed an armistice with the Allies on September 3, and announced it five days later.
|Dachau was the name of a Nazi concentration camp located about 10 miles northwest of Munich. Not only was it the first Nazi concentration camp to be opened, it was also the only one to remain in operation throughout the duration of Nazi Germany's existence. In addition, it served as the model by which every other Nazi camp was constructed and operated.|
|The War in Asia and the Pacific: A Chronology||Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) Between November 1942 and December 1944, 1,074 women ferried over 50% of the combat aircraft within the United States. Thirty-eight of these women died in their service, 11 in training and 27 during missions.|
|The Battle of Corregidor
Corregidor is a tadpole-shaped, rocky, fortified island at the entrance to Manila Bay on the island of Luzon that is about 2 square miles in area. It was taken by Japanese forces on May 6, 1942, and remained in Japanese hands until February 1945.
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