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trench warfare

World War I, 1914-1918

CONTENTS

Timeline of Events

Participants in World War I
Participating Nations
In the First World War, four Central Powers nations fought twenty-four Allied nations.

Military Casualties by Nation

Europe in 1914
Europe in 1914
Although World War I did not officially begin until July 28, 1914, the fires that sparked it had been burning since the early 1800's. Peoples controlled by rulers who often did not even speak their language were developing nationalist feelings. Powerful nations were allied together to advance their own aims. Competition for colonies, resources and access to trade routes was often fierce.

The Western Front in 1914
The Western Front in 1914
On August 2, 1914, German troops moved into Luxembourg, and on August 4 they invaded Belgium. The Allies sent British and French troops to help the Belgians, and the German advance was effectively stopped at the First of the Marne (September 6-9), ending Germany's chances for a quick victory.

The Eastern Front in 1914
The Eastern Front in 1914
In August 1914, Russian forces moved into East Prussia, where they were met and defeated by Germans under retired general Paul von Hindenburg. In the south, Austria-Hungary failed in three attempts to invade Serbia.

The Balkan Region in 1914
The Balkan Region in 1914
On August 2, 1914, the Ottoman Empire signed a secret treaty with Germany. In the last days of October, Turkish warships bombarded Russian ports on the Black Sea. France, Great Britain and Russia then declared war on the Ottoman Empire.

The Austro-Italian Front in the First World War
The Austro-Italian Front
In 1915, Italy signed the secret Treaty of London with France, Great Britain, and Russia, agreeing to join the Allies in exchange for land in Europe and Africa. Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary that same year, and on Germany in 1916.

Battle of Chateau Thierry
The Battle of Chateau Thierry
was fought on July 18, 1918, and was one of the first major actions undertaken by the American Expeditionary Force. It ended with a decisive victory for the French and Americans.

The Rhineland After Versailles
The Rhineland After Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles gave parts of the Rhineland to France and Belgium, and granted some autonomy to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Danzig and the Polish Corridor
Danzig and the Polish Corridor
Danzig was the natural port of Poland and of the Vistula River Basin, and had been for many centuries outside the political frontiers of Germany. Claimed by Germany during World War I, it was returned to Poland after the war.

Surrender of the German Navy
Surrender of the German Navy
On November 21, 1918, the entire German Navy formally surrendered to the British Royal Navy.

Versailles Negotitions
Versailles Negotiations

Moina Belle Michael
Moina Belle Michael
was inspired to wear a poppy after reading John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Field." She was further inspired to sell artificial poppies to raise funds for America’s disabled veterans, and her efforts raised so much money that the American Legion adopted the poppy as its symbol.

Manfred von Richtofen
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richtofen
aka the "Red Baron," scored 80 confirmed aerial kills before being killed during a brief dogfight over France.

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