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Hellenic Republic

Ellinki Dhimokratia

Location southern Europe
Bordered By
Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey

Greece on a map of Europe

Area 50,944 sq mi (131,944 sq km)
Greatest Mainland Distance N-S 365 mi (587 km)
Greatest Mainland Distance E-W 345 mi (555 km)
Coastline 9,333 mi (15,020 km)
Highest Point Mount Olympus; 9,570 ft (2,917 m)
Lowest Point Mediterranean coast; sea level
Natural Resources lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential

map of Greece

Nationality Greek
Population (July 2014 est)
10,775,557
Largest Cities
Athens, Thessaloniki
Ethnic Groups Greek
Religions Greek Orthodox, Muslim
Languages Greek (official)

Capital Athens
Form of Government parliamentary republic
Present Constitution Adopted June 11, 1975
Chief of State
President
Prokopis Pavlopoulos (since March 13, 2015)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Alexios Tsipras (since January 26, 2015)
Cabinet
appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister
Legislature
unicameral Parliament (Vouli ton Ellinon)
Judiciary
Supreme Judicial Court; Special Supreme Tribunal
Local Administration
13 regions (perifereis) and 1 autonomous monastic state (
aftonomi monastiki politeia)

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
$26,300
Industries tourism, food processing, tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products, mining, petroleum
Agricultural Products wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products
Export Commodities food and beverages, manufactured goods, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles
Import Commodities machinery, transport equipment, fuels, chemicals

Independence Achieved 1829
From the Ottoman Empire
National Holiday Independence Day; March 25 (1821)
Flag nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white; blue square in upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross, symbolizing Greek Orthodoxy

flag of Greece

SEE ALSO
Albania
Bulgaria
Turkey

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Greece >> General

This page was last updated on May 19, 2017.