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Federal Republic of Germany

Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Location central Europe
Bordered By
Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, Netherlands

location of Germany in Europe

map of Germany

Area 137,810 sq mi (357,021 sq km)
Coastline 1,484 mi (2,389 km)
Highest Point Zugspitze; 9,721 ft (2,963 km)
Lowest Point Neuendorf bei Wilster; -11.6 ft (-3.54 m)
Natural Resources coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

Nationality German
Population (July 2016 est) 80,722,792
Largest Cities
Essen, Frankfurt,
Berlin, Düsseldorf, Cologne
Ethnic Groups German, Turkish
Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic, Muslim
Languages German

Capital Berlin
Present Constitution Adopted October 3, 1990
Form of Government
federal republic
Chief of State President Joachim Gauck (since March 23, 2012)
Head of Government
Chancellor Angela Merkel (since November 22, 2005)
Cabinet
Cabinet (Bundesminister) appointed by President
Legislature
bicameral Parliament (Parlament)
Judiciary
Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht)
Local Administration
16 states

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
$34,400
Industries iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles
Agricultural Products
potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; cattle, pigs, poultry
Export Commodities machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, textiles
Import Commodities machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, metals

Independence Achieved January 18, 1871 (German Empire unification)
National Holiday Unity Day (reunification of East and West Germany); October 3 (1990)
Flag three equal horizontal bands of black, red, and gold; the
colors have played an important role in German history and can be traced back to the medieval banner of the Holy Roman Emperor, a black eagle with red claws and beak on a gold field

flag of Germany

SEE ALSO
Denmark
Poland
Czech Republic
Austria
Switzerland
France
Luxembourg
Belgium
Netherlands
Berlin

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Germany >> General Information

This page was last updated on 03/21/2017.