|THE ROBINSON LIBRARY|
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|Revolutionary and Napoleonic Period, 1789-1815|
crowned himself Emperor of the French and created an empire that covered most of western and central Europe. One of the greatest military geniuses of his time, his armies crushed one foe after another until he seemed invincible.
|Napoleon Crowns Himself
On May 18, 1804, the senators of France entrusted the government of France to a hereditary Emperor. On December 2, Napoleon Bonaparte assumed the imperial throne in a ceremony in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame.
|The Napoleonic Empire in 1812
At its height, the Napoleonic Empire covered nearly half of Europe and had a population of 71 million inhabitants.
were a series of wars fought between France and a number of European nations from 1799 to 1815 in which the Habsburgs and other European dynasties combined in an effort to overthrow the revolutionary government of France and restore the rule of the French monarchy.
|Lazare Nicolas Marguérite
revolutionized the logistics and fighting tactics of the French Revolutionary Army, and became known as "the organizer of victory." As Minister of War for Napoleon Bonaparte, he effected reforms in every part of the military administration.
|Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch
Du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
fought for the Americans during their fight for independence from Great Britain. He spent the rest of his life as an active player in French politics, and was one of the strongest advocates for the rights of the people.
|Josephine de Beauharnais
married Napoleon Bonaparte in 1796. Despite infidelity on both sides of the marriage, the union lasted until 1810, when Napoleon divorced her on the grounds that she was incapable of producing an heir.