crowned himself Emperor of the French and created
an empire that covered most of western and
central Europe. One of the greatest military
geniuses of his time, his armies crushed one foe
after another until he seemed invincible.
Crowns Himself Emperor
On May 18, 1804, the senators of France entrusted
the government of France to a hereditary Emperor.
On December 2, Napoleon Bonaparte assumed the
imperial throne in a ceremony in the Cathedral of
Napoleonic Empire in 1812
At its height, the Napoleonic Empire covered
nearly half of Europe and had a population of 71
were a series of wars fought between France and a
number of European nations from 1799 to 1815 in which the Habsburgs and other
European dynasties combined in an effort to
overthrow the revolutionary government of France
and restore the rule of the French monarchy.
Nicolas Marguérite Carnot
revolutionized the logistics and fighting tactics
of the French Revolutionary Army, and became
known as "the organizer of victory." As
Minister of War for Napoleon Bonaparte, he
effected reforms in every part of the military
Joseph Paul Yves Roch Du Motier, Marquis de
fought for the Americans during their fight for
independence from Great Britain. He spent the
rest of his life as an active player in French
politics, and was one of the strongest advocates
for the rights of the people.
de Beauharnais Bonaparte
married Napoleon Bonaparte in 1796. Despite
infidelity on both sides of the marriage, the
union lasted until 1810, when Napoleon divorced
her on the grounds that she was incapable of
producing an heir.