The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Eastern Europe >> Uzbekistan
Republic of Uzbekistan

O'zbekiston Respublikasi

Location central Asia
Bordered By
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan

location of Uzbekistan

map of Uzbekistan

Area 172,742 sq mi (447,400 sq km)
Highest Point
Adelunga Toghi; 14,111 ft (4,301 m)
Lowest Point
Sariqamish Kuli; -39 ft (-12 m)
Natural Resources
natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

Nationality Uzbekistani
Population (July 2016 est)
Largest Cities Tashkent (1,978,028), Namangan (432,456), Samarkand (319,366), Andijan (318,419), Bukhara (247,644), Nukus (230,006), Qarshi (222,898), Kokand (187,477), Chirchiq (167,842), Fergana (164,322)
Ethnic Groups
Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, Kazakh, Karakalpak, Tatar
Religions Muslim, Eastern Orthodox
Languages Uzbek (official), Russian, Tajik

Capital Tashkent
Form of Government presidential republic
Present Constitution Adopted December 8, 1992
Chief of State
Interim President Shavkat Mirziyoyev (since September 8, 2016)
Head of Government Prime Minister
Shavkat Mirziyoyev (since December 11, 2003)
appointed by the President with approval of the Supreme Assembly
bicameral Supreme Court (Oliy Majlis)
Supreme Court, Constitutional ourt, Higher Economic Court
Local Administration
12 provinces (
viloyatlar), 1 city (Toshkent Shahri)

Currency soum (UZS)
Per Capita Income
textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, mining, hydrocarbon extraction, chemicals
Agricultural Products
otton, vegetables, fruits, grain; livestock
Export Commodities
energy products, cotton, gold, mineral fertilizers, ferrous and nonferrous metals, textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, automobiles
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, ferrous and nonferrous metals

Independence from the Soviet Union Achieved September 1, 1991
National Holiday
Independence Day, September 1
Blue is the color of the Turkic peoples and of the sky, white signifies peace and the striving for purity in thoughts and deeds, while green represents nature and is the color of Islam. The red stripes are the vital force of all living organisms that links good and pure ideas with the eternal sky and with deeds on earth. The crescent represents Islam, and the 12 stars the months and constellations of the Uzbek calendar.

flag of Uzbekistan


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Eastern Europe >> Uzbekistan

This page was last updated on 04/30/2017.