served in a number of minor and major positions
in the Communist Party and earned a reputation as
a more-than-capable administrator. He became
Premier of the Soviet Union in 1955, but was
removed by Nikita Khrushchev in 1958.
was the first man since Joseph Stalin to head the
Soviet Union as both President and General
Secretary. His time in those offices was marked
by warming of relations with the United States,
and, eventually, the end of the Soviet Union. He
was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for his
role in ending the "Cold War."
served as Premier from 1958 to 1964. Events
during his tenure included the U-2 affair, the
building of the Berlin Wall, the Cuban Missile
Crisis, and the launching of Sputnik.
became the first popularly elected President of
Russia in 1991. He survived two coup attempts and
one impeachment attempt during his first term,
but health problems forced him to resign in 1999.
Khrushchev's Travels in 1959
Khrushchev's Travels in 1960
During 1960 Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev paid
state visits to India, Burma, Indonesia,
Afghanistan, France, Austria, and Finland.
the Soviet Union in 1960
of Francis Gary Powers
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