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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Eastern Europe >> Poland >> General Information
Republic of Poland

Rzeczpospolita Polska

Location north central Europe
Bordered By
Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Germany

map of Poland

Area 120,725 sq mi (312,677 sq km)
Greatest Distance North-South 395 mi (636 km)
Greatest Distance East-West 430 mi (692 km)
Coastline
277 mi (446 km)
Highest Point Rysy Peak; 8,199 ft (2,499 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
coal,
sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Nationality Polish
Population (July 2016)
38,523,261
Largest Cities
Warsaw, Lodz, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk
Ethnic Groups Polish, German, Belarusian, Ukrainian
Religions Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant
Languages Polish (official)

Capital Warsaw
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted October 17, 1997
Chief of State
President Andrzej Duda (since August 6, 2015)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Beata Szydlo (since November 16, 2015)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
bicameral
Judiciary
Supreme Court (
Sad Najwyzszy), Constitutional Tribunal
Local Administration
16 provinces (wojewodzta)

Currency Zlotych (PLN)
Per Capita Income
$26,500
Industries machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
Agricultural Products potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry eggs, pork
Export Commodities machinery, transport equipment, intermediate manufactured goods, miscellaneous manufactured goods, food, live animals
Import Commodities machinery and transport equipment, intermediate manufactured goods, chemicals, minerals, fuels, lubricants

Republic Proclaimed November 11, 1918
National Holiday Constitution Day, May 3 (1971)
Flag colors derived from the Polish emblem, a white eagle on a red field

flag of Poland

SEE ALSO
Russia
Lithuania
Germany
Czech Republic
Sulfur
Copper
Warsaw

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Eastern Europe >> Poland >> General Information

This page was last updated on April 12, 2017.