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  General and Old World HistoryEastern EuropeLithuania
map of LithuaniaRepublic of Lithuania

Lietuvos Respublika

Location northeastern Europe
Bordered By Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Russia

Area 25,174 sq mi (65,200 sq km)
Coastline 56 mi (90 km)
Highest Point Aukstojas; 964 ft (294 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
peat, amber

Nationality Lithuanian
Population (July 2013 est)
Largest Cities Vilnius
Ethnic Groups Lithuanian, Polish, Russian
Religions Roman Catholic, Russian Orthodox
Languages Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian

Capital Vilnius
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted October 25, 1992
Chief of State
President Dalia Grybauskaite (since July 12, 2009)
Head of Government Prime Minister
Algirdas Butkevicius (since November 22, 2012)
Council of Ministers appointed by President upon recommendation of Prime Minister and approval of Parliament
unicameral Parliament (
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court
Local Administration
60 municipalities (

Currency Litai
Per Capita Income
metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry
Agricultural Products
grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
Export Commodities
mineral products, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles , foodstuffs, plastics
Import Commodities
mineral products, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, chemicals, textiles and clothing, metals

Independence from the Soviet Union Achieved September 6, 1991
National Holiday
Independence Day; February 16 (the date in 1918 that Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia)
yellow symbolizes golden fields, as well as the sun, light, and goodness; green represents the forests of the countryside, in addition to nature, freedom, and hope; red stands for courage and the blood spilled in defense of the homeland

flag of Lithuania

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This page was last updated on 02/19/2015.

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