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  General and Old World HistoryEastern EuropeLatvia
map of LatviaRepublic of Latvia

Latvijas Republika

Location northeastern Europe
Bordered By
Estonia, Russia, Belarus, Lithuania

Area 24,938 sq mi (64,589 sq km)
Coastline 309 mi (498 km)
Highest Point
Gaizina Kalns; 1,024 ft (312 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land

Nationality Latvian
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities Riga, Daugavpils, Liepaja, Jelgava, Jurmala
Ethnic Groups Latvian, Russian
Religions Lutheran, Orthodox
Languages Latvian (official), Russian

Capital Riga
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted July 6, 1993
Chief of State President Raimonds Vejonis (since July 8, 2015)
Head of Government Prime Minister vacant as of December 7, 2015
Council of Ministers nominated by Prime Minister and appointed by Parliament
unicameral Parliament (
Supreme Court
Local Administration
110 municipalities, 9 cities

Currency lati
Per Capita Income
processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics
Agricultural Products
grain, rapeseed, potatoes, vegetables; pork, poultry, milk, eggs; fish
Export Commodities
food products, wood and wood products, metals, machinery and equipment, textiles
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, fuels, vehicles

Independence from the Soviet Union Achieved September 6, 1991
National Holiday
Independence Day; November 18 (the date in 1918 that Latvia declared its independence from Soviet Russia)
one of the older banners in the world, a medieval chronicle mentions a red standard with a white stripe being used by Latvian tribes in about 1280

flag of Latvia


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  The Robinson Library > General and Old World History > Eastern Europe > Latvia

This page was last updated on 02/19/2016.

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