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Republic of Kazakhstan

Qazaqstan Respublikasy

map of Kazakhstan

Location central Asia
Bordered By Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan

location of Kazakhstan

Area 1,052,090 sq mi (2,724,900 sq km)
Highest Point
Khan Tangiri Shyngy; 22,950 ft (6,995 m)
Lowest Point
Vpadina Kaundy; -433 ft (-132 m)
Natural Resources
petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium

Nationality Kazakhstani
Population (July 2016 est)
Largest Cities
Almaty, Karagandy, Shymkent, Taraz, Astana, Pavlodar, Qyzylorda
Ethnic Groups
Kazakh (Qazaq), Russian, Uzbek, Ukrainian, Uighur, Tatar, German
Religions Muslim, Christian
Languages Kazakh, Russian

Capital Astana
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted January 28, 1993
Chief of State
President Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev (since December 1, 1991)
Head of Government Prime Minister
Bakytzhan Sagintayev (since September 9, 2016)
appointed by Prime Minister
bicameral Parliament
Supreme Court of the Republic, Constitutional Council
Local Administration
14 provinces (

Currency Tenge
Per Capita Income
oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, uranium, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials
Agricultural Products
grain (mostly spring wheat and barley), potatoes, vegetables, melons; livestock
Export Commodities
oil and oil products, natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, machinery, grain, wool, meat, coal
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, metal products, foodstuffs

Independence from the Soviet Union Achieved December 16, 1991
National Holiday
Independence Day; December 16
a gold sun with 32 rays above a soaring golden steppe eagle, both centered on a sky blue background; the hoist side displays a national ornamental pattern "koshkar-muiz" (the horns of the ram) in gold; the blue color is of religious significance to the Turkic peoples of the country, and so symbolizes cultural and ethnic unity; it also represents the endless sky as well as water; the sun, a source of life and energy, exemplifies wealth and plenitude; the sun's rays are shaped like grain, which is the basis of abundance and prosperity; the eagle has appeared on the flags of Kazakh tribes for centuries and represents freedom, power, and the flight to the future

flag of Kazakhstan


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Eastern Europe >> Kazakhstan

This page was last updated on 12/15/2017.